Chennai has a warm climate throughout the year. It has become one of India’s best and most cost-effective travel destinations. It is ideal for all types of vacationers, including couples, solo travellers, females, families, and groups. There are numerous panoramic tourist attractions in Chennai that you should visit. We’ve compiled a list of the top 10 attractions in Chennai to assist you in planning your trip.
Royapuram Fishing Harbour
Royapuram fishing harbour, also known as Chennai fishing harbour or Kasimedu fishing harbour, is a popular fishing spot in the Royapuram area of Chennai, India. The harbour, which is located north of the Chennai Port, was built in 1975. Every day, almost 30,000 people visit the auction hall near the harbour. Nearly 30% of the daily sales of 200 tonnes were sent to other states such as Karnataka and Kerala, with the remainder going to local markets.
Akkarai Beach is located in the Akkarai district of ECR. Thiruvanmiyur Bus Terminal is about 12 km away, and the VGP Universal Kingdom is just 2 km away. The consistent surf, beautiful sand, salty wind, and tidal waves make it one of Chennai’s best beaches. The beach house on the Akkarai shoreline, complete with a small yacht, is ideal for a getaway or a celebration with family and friends.
Cholamandal Artist Village
Cholamandal Artist’s Village is tucked away on the outskirts of the city in the village of Injabakkam, providing wings and imaginative space to the resident artists’ artistic visions and creations. The village was founded in 1966 by KCS Paniker, a legendary painter in his own right, as a commune of artists who live and work together, exhibiting their works around the world.
Fort St. George
On February 20, Day and Cogan arrived with two ships and a few dozen staff at the site and began construction on the settlement that would eventually become Fort St. George. The fort was eventually finished on April 23, 1644, at a cost of nearly £3,000 to the crown. After England’s patron saint, Fort St. George was founded. It would quickly become the epicentre of English activity, resulting in significant regional growth and trade. The city of Chennai (then called Madras) grew up around the fort.
Santhome Cathedral Basilica
Didymus is another name for St. Thomas. He is thought to have arrived in Kerala in 52 A.D. and preached Christianity there until he was martyred in AD 72. On St. Thomas Mount, he was killed by a lance stabbed through his back. Santhome Church is an important religious shrine since it is one of only three churches in the world centred on the apostles’ tombs. The other two churches centred on the tombs of Saint Peter and Saint James are St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome and Santiago de Compostela Cathedral in Spain.
Madame H. P. Blavatsky and Colonel Olcott founded the Theosophical Society in New York in 1875. The Society’s headquarters were founded in Adyar, India, near Madras (now Chennai) in 1882. Mysticism and spiritualism (with strong influences from Buddhist and Hindu thought) were combined with metaphysics in Theosophy. The Society was founded as a “brotherhood” dedicated to the advancement of women. The 450-plus-year-old Adyar Big Banyan Tree and its roots, which have been estimated to cover a radius of 60,000 square metres, are one of the key attractions at the Theosophical Society. To be honest, it’s very stunning. Not just that, but there’s more. Along with the society’s goal of becoming a premier spirituality institute, the Adyar Library and Research Centre has developed into one of the world’s most prestigious libraries.
Arignaranna Zoological Park
Arignar Anna Zoological Park, popularly known as a stunning and alluring picnic spot in Vandalur, is one of the best places to learn about the region’s fauna and flora. Arignar Zoo attracts a large number of tourists each year, including adults and children looking for weekend getaways. Picture enthusiasts, wildlife lovers, nature lovers, peace seekers, and experience seekers frequent Arignar Anna Zoological Park. The park offers tourists the chance to go on safaris and observe the different animals up close. The park also has a small library where children and adults can read and learn more about the environment.
Mahabalipuram is a significant site in India for classical monuments, including monolithic and cave temples. Mamallapuram is another name for it. A large number of tourists come from all over the world to see this site. Mahabalipuram is a seaside town with a rich artistic heritage. These monuments provide opportunities for not only the study of ancient architecture and sculpture in Tamil Nadu but also for tourism. The huge casuarina trees, the silvery sandy beach, and the classical hand male crafts around them have all contributed to the place’s beauty. The magnificence of Mahabalipuram would astonish and enthral any tourist. They are dissatisfied with their surroundings and feel further removed from this historically significant and interesting tourist attraction.
Connemara Public Library
The library, named after Lord Connemara, the former Governor of Madras, only needed a small deposit from its members in order to use the facilities. A new building was added to the library in 1973, containing a massive collection of books. Connemara Public Library is now one of Asia’s largest (with over 600,000 books) as well as one of four National Depository Libraries.
The library’s interiors are breathtaking, with leaves and flowers adorning every inch of wood. You can find intricate design work even on the tall pillars. Relax in one of the reading rooms, with the sun streaming in through the glasswork adding to the atmosphere.
G.S.T. Harris designed the Ripon Building. Loganatha Mudaliar constructed it over the course of four years at a cost of 750,000, including a total of 1550,000 charged to Mudaliar. Lord Ripon, the Governor-General of British India and the Father of Local Self-Government, was the inspiration for the Ripon building. The structure is rectangular, measuring 85 metres (279 feet) long and 32 metres (105 feet) high, with a central tower measuring 43 metres (141 feet) tall and housing a clock with a diameter of 2.5 metres (8.2 feet). The first of the building’s three floors has a total area of approximately 2,800 m2 (30,139 sq ft). Stock bricks were used to build the walls, which were set and plastered with lime mortar, and teak wood joists supported the roof.
Top 10 Famous Statues In The World.
A statue is a free-standing sculpture in which the realistic, full-length figures of persons or animals or non-representational forms are carved or cast in a durable material such as wood, metal, or stone. Typical statues are life-sized or close to life-size; a sculpture that represents persons or animals in full figure but that is small enough to lift and carry is a statuette or figurine, whilst one more than twice life-size is a colossal statue. Statues have been produced in many cultures from prehistory to the present; the oldest-known statue dating to about 30,000 years ago. Statues represent many different people and animals, real and mythical. Many statues are placed in public places as public art. The world’s tallest statue, the Statue of Unity, is 182 meters (597 ft) tall and is located near the Narmada dam in Gujarat, India. Ancient statues often show the bare surface of the material of which they are made. For example, many people associate Greek classical art with white marble sculptures, but there is evidence that many statues were painted in bright colors. Most of the color has weathered off over time; small remnants were removed during cleaning; in some cases, small traces remained that could be identified. A traveling exhibition of 20 colored replicas of Greek and Roman works, alongside 35 original statues and reliefs, was held in Europe and the United States in 2008: Gods in Color: Painted Sculpture of Classical Antiquity. Details such as whether the paint was applied in one or two coats, how finely the pigments were ground, or exactly which binding medium would have been used in each case—all elements that would affect the appearance of a finished piece—are not known. Richter goes so far as to say of classical Greek sculpture, “All stone sculpture, whether limestone or marble, was painted, either wholly or in part.
Christ of the Abyss:
Christ of the Abyss is a submerged bronze statue of Jesus Christ by Guido Galletti, the original cast of which is located in the Mediterranean Sea, off San Fruttuoso, between Camogli and Portofino on the Italian Riviera. Various other casts of the statue are located in other places worldwide, in underwater locations, churches, and museums. The original clay positive, minus the arms, was located in a foundry in 1993. The arms were later found and attached, but not the hands, which had to be replaced. The reconfigured clay sculpture is now on display at the National Museum of Underwater Activities in Ravenna, Italy.
Grand Buddha at Ling Shan:
The Grand Buddha is located on the north shore of Lake Tai, near Wuxi, Jiangsu. It is one of the largest Buddha statues in China and also in the world. The Grand Buddha at Ling Shan is a bronze Amitabha standing Buddha outdoor, weighing over 700 metric tons (690 long tons; 770 short tons). It was completed at the end of 1996. The monument is 88 meters (289 ft) in total height, including a 9 m lotus pedestal. In 2008, a Five-signets Palace and a Hindu-inspired Brahma Palace were built south-east of the Grand Buddha Statue.
Tian Tan Buddha:
Tian Tan Buddha is a large bronze statue of Buddha Amoghasiddhi, completed in 1993, and located at Ngong Ping, Lantau Island, in Hong Kong. The statue is sited near Po Lin Monastery and symbolizes the harmonious relationship between man and nature, people and faith. It is a major center of Buddhism in Hong Kong and is also a tourist attraction. The statue’s base is a model of the Altar of Heaven or Earthly Mount of Tian Tan, the Temple of Heaven in Beijing. One of the five large Buddha statues in China, it is enthroned on a lotus on top of a three-platform altar. Surrounding it are six smaller bronze statues known as “The Offering of the Six Devas” that are posed offering flowers, incense, lamp, ointment, fruit, and music to the Buddha. These symbolize the Six Perfections of generosity, morality, patience, zeal, meditation, and wisdom, all of which are necessary for enlightenment.
Leshan Giant Buddha:
The Leshan Giant Buddha is a 71-meter (233 ft) tall stone statue, built between 713 and 803 (during the Tang dynasty), depicting Maitreya. It is carved out of a cliff face of Cretaceous red bed sandstones that lies at the confluence of the Min River and Dadu River in the southern part of Sichuan province in China, near the city of Leshan. The stone sculpture faces Mount Emei, with the rivers flowing below its feet. It is the largest and tallest stone Buddha statue in the world and it is by far the tallest pre-modern statue in the world. The Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area, has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996.
Spring Temple Buddha:
The Spring Temple Buddha is a colossal statue depicting Vairocana Buddha located in the Zhaocun township of Lushan County, Henan, China, built from 1997 to 2008. It is located within the Fodushan Scenic Area, close to National Freeway no. 311. At 128 meters (420 ft), excluding a 25 meters (82 ft) lotus throne, it is the second-tallest statue in the world after the Statue of Unity in Gujarat, India, which surpassed it in 2018 with a height of 182 meters (597 ft). Taking into account the 25 meters (82 ft) pedestal/building atop which it is placed, the monument has a total height of 153 meters (502 ft). As of October 2008, the hill on which the statue stands is being reshaped to form two further pedestals, the upper one being 15 m tall. The total height of the monument is now said to be 208 m (682 ft). The project as a whole was estimated to cost around $55 million, $18 million of which was to be spent on the statue. It was originally estimated to consist of 1,100 pieces of the copper cast, with a total weight of 1,000 tonnes. The Spring Temple Buddha derives its name from the nearby Tianrui hot spring, whose water, at 60 °C (140 °F), is renowned in the area for its curative properties. The Foquan Temple, built during the Tang dynasty, houses the Bell of Good Luck, placed on top of Dragon Head peak. This bronze bell weighs 116 tonnes.
Venus de Milo:
The Venus de Milo is an ancient Greek sculpture from the Hellenistic period, depicting a Greek goddess. It is one of the most famous works of ancient Greek sculpture. The Venus de Milo has been prominently displayed at the Louvre Museum in Paris shortly after the statue was rediscovered on the island of Milos, Greece in 1820. Sculpted sometime between 150 and 125 BC, the work was originally attributed to the sculptor Praxiteles, but, based upon an inscription on its plinth, the statue is now widely agreed to be the work of Alexandros of Antioch. The statue is believed to depict Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love and beauty, and it bears the name of Venus, the Roman counterpart of Aphrodite. Some scholars theorize that the statue actually represents the sea-goddess Amphitrite, who was venerated on Milos. Made of Parian marble, the statue is slightly larger than life-size, standing 204 cm (6 ft 8 in) high. The statue is missing both arms, with part of one arm, as well as the original plinth, being lost after the statue’s rediscovery. The sculpture is sometimes called the Aphrodite de Milos, due to the imprecision of naming the Greek sculpture after the Roman deity Venus.
The Little Mermaid:
The Little Mermaid is a bronze statue by Edvard Eriksen, depicting a mermaid becoming human. The sculpture is displayed on a rock by the waterside at the Langelinie promenade in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is 1.25 meters (4.1 ft) tall and weighs 175 kilograms (385 lb). Based on the 1837 fairy tale of the same name by Danish author Hans Christian Andersen, the small and unimposing statue is a Copenhagen icon and has been a major tourist attraction since its unveiling in 1913. In recent decades it has become a popular target for defacement by vandals and political activists. Mermaid is among iconic statues that symbolize cities; others include Manneken Pis in Brussels, the Statue of Liberty in New York, and Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro. In several cases, cities have commissioned statues for such a purpose, such as with Singapore’s Merlion.
The Motherland Calls:
The Motherland Calls is the compositional center of the monument-ensemble “Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad” on Mamayev Kurgan in Volgograd, Russia. It was designed by sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich and structural engineer Nikolai Nikitin and declared the tallest statue in the world in 1967. At 85 m (279 ft), it is the tallest statue in Europe, the tallest outside of Asia, and the tallest statue (excluding pedestals) of a woman in the world. The work of sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich and engineer Nikolai Nikitin is an 85-meter (279 ft) figure of a woman stepping forward with a raised sword. The statue is an allegorical image of the Motherland, which calls on its sons and daughters to repulse the enemy and return to the attack.
Christ the Redeemer:
Christ the Redeemer is an Art Deco statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, created by French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa, in collaboration with the French engineer Albert Caquot. Romanian sculptor Gheorghe Leonida fashioned the face. Constructed between 1922 and 1931, the statue is 30 meters (98 ft) high, excluding its 8-meter (26 ft) pedestal. The arms stretch 28 meters (92 ft) wide. The statue weighs 635 metric tons (625 long, 700 short tons), and is located at the peak of the 700-meter (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the city of Rio de Janeiro. A symbol of Christianity across the world, the statue has also become a cultural icon of both Rio de Janeiro and Brazil and was voted as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone.
Statue of Liberty National Monument:
The Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor within New York City, in the United States. The copper statue, a gift from the people of France to the people of the United States, was designed by French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and its metal framework was built by Gustave Eiffel. The statue was dedicated on October 28, 1886. The statue is a figure of Libertas, a robed Roman liberty goddess. She holds a torch above her head with her right hand, and in her left hand carries, a tabula ansata inscribed JULY IV MDCCLXXVI (July 4, 1776, in Roman numerals), the date of the U.S. Declaration of Independence. A broken shackle and chain lie at her feet as she walks forward, commemorating the recent national abolition of slavery. After its dedication, the statue became an icon of freedom and of the United States, seen as a symbol of welcome to immigrants arriving by sea.
Top 10 Best Painters Of All Time
Painting is an art and this form of art is mastered by only a few people, this makes it a very important yet difficult skill. A painting challenges your entire point of view and widens your perspective and the way you see the world. So today we are going to list the top 10 best painters and their paintings of all time. These paintings will mesmerize you and you’ll definitely gonna love them.
Leading Post-Impressionist painter Paul Cézanne has enjoyed a lasting legacy thanks to his innovative approach to perspective, vivid color palette, and use of painterly brushstrokes that were meticulously arranged into geometric forms
From bringing his easel out of the studio and into the environment to his landmark studies of time and light, Claude Monet is perhaps the most beloved of all Impressionist painters.
TAMARA DE LEMPICKA
Polish artist Tamara de Lempicka was a superstar of the early 20th century. Rubbing elbows with the avant-garde in Paris, she turned away from Impressionism—the popular style of the time—and focused on blazing her own trail.
Her highly intimate series of self-portraits and the embracement of her cultural heritage are just some of the things that make Frida Kahlo one of the greatest painters of the 20th century. Today she has become a pop culture icon, but this shouldn’t overshadow her great skill as a painter and her innovations in bringing Mexican culture to a wider audience.
American painter Jackson Pollock is best known for his innovative painting technique. By dripping paint on the canvas, the Abstract Expressionist created dynamic, abstract artwork that revolutionized the art scene.
VINCENT VAN GOGH
Though he is seen today as one of the most influential painters in Western art, Vincent van Gogh was not commercially successful during his lifetime. Since the early 20th century, however, his masterful paintings have been prized for their expressive emotion.
British Romantic painter JMW Turner is known as a forerunner of modern art. Coming from traditional Neo-classical painting, Turner began striving for realism in his work—which was unheard of at the time.
Rembrandt van Rijn is so famous that even today we call this Dutch master by his first name. Painting everything from genre scenes to landscapes to great historical and mythological paintings, Rembrandt was the dominant force in Dutch art for much of the 17th century. His masterful use of light, as well as his refined and expressive approach to painting, have made him a favorite amongst art lovers to this day.
This powerhouse of Baroque painting is also one of the first female artists to see great success. She was also young and producing professional art by the age of 15. Through the course of the 17th century, Artemisia Gentileschi created dynamic and explosive paintings that feature her trademark chiaroscuro and rich colors.
LEONARDO DA VINCI
Not only did Leonardo da Vinci experiment with mediums, but he also innovated different ways of creating striking compositions. In fact, his signature triangular composition is still used today and is widely considered one of the most visually pleasing painting layouts. He was also an early advocate of studying anatomical models to perfect his art, something that was illegal at the time.
So these were the top 10 painters and their paintings. If you liked this list then also read more amazing lists by clicking here.
Top 10 Places in Mount Abu
Mount Abu is a hill station in the western Indian state of Rajasthan, near the Gujarat border. Based on a high mountainous plateau in the Aravalli Range and covered by trees it offers reasonably cool weather and viewpoints over the arid plains below. As Rajasthan’s only hill station, it has been a common refuge for people seeking to escape the sizzling desert sun.
The Dilwara temples, located about 3 kilometers from Mount Abu, were primarily constructed between the 11th and 13th centuries AD by Vastupal and Tejpal. Covered by lush trees and bushes and elevated above the nearby neighborhoods, these temples are world-renowned for their spectacular use of marble – many tourists find them to be architecturally comparable to the Taj Mahal. All including the doors to the ceilings and pillars is elaborately crafted – at one point, the marble ceiling is so beautifully detailed that it’s almost translucent.
As previously noted Guru Shikhar is the highest peak in both Mt Abu and the whole Aravalli Range. It is the home of Mt Abu places to visit, with a breathtaking sight of the mountains and the entire area. The Guru Dattatreya temple is also a highlight, with idols of the Hindu Gods Brahma, Shiva, and Vishnu. You can also visit Peace Park and go hiking or trekking there.
Boating on the magnificent Nakki lake, which is surrounded by hills on all sides, is a joyful experience. This is India’s first artificial lake built at a height of more than 1200 meters above sea level. The Nakki Lake is regarded as one of the region’s most scenic and important sites. The surrounding gardens are the big draw here.
Achalgarh is a historical site that exudes the magnificence of a bygone age It was a kingdom founded by the Paramara Dynasty’s rulers. In the 15th century, Maharana Kumbha, the ruler of Mewar, built the Achalgarh Fort. The name Achalgarh means “immovable fort.” You can go hiking or visit the Mahadev Temple and other Jain temples here.
The spectacular sunsets that can be seen from Mount Abu are one of its most notable highlights. If there is something you can call stunning, it is this spot, which is beloved by almost every visitor and passenger. Enjoy the breathtaking scenery or plan a picnic while you’re there.
Achaleshwar Mahadev Temple
Though we have already listed the Achalgarh Fort, it is also worth considering this temple nearby. It has a spontaneously existing Shivlinga in its ancient infrastructure. This is one of the region’s oldest temples. Aside from the design, you can get a spectacular view of the city from here.
Trevor’s Tank is an artificial crocodile tank situated about 5 kilometers from Mount Abu. It is a famous picnic spot, and visitors find it pleasant as well. Since the region is surrounded by trees, you might be able to do some animal and bird viewing here.
Universal peace hall
The Universal Peace Hall, also recognized as Om Shanti Bhavan, is the central assembly hall at Brahma Kumari Spiritual University, which was established in 1983. The majestic white structure has a passenger capacity of 5,000 people and the ability to translate in 16 languages at the same time during different events. The beautiful hall was designated as a public tourist attraction, and over 8,000 people attend it regularly.
Gaumukh temple has a holy 700-stair climb that provides a scenic sight of the nearby valley as well as spiritual pilgrimages and contemplation during the year. In Hindu mythology, the enigmatic water stream flowing from the mouth of the marble bull is devoted to Nandi, the holy bull of Lord Shiva.
The people of this area believe in Lord Raghunath, to whom this temple is devoted. This big religious destination for tourists is situated near Nakki Lake. Since visiting this shrine, the traveller seems to be free of all pains and pangs.
Top 10 Facts about Mughal Empire
The Mughals’ splendour may be seen in our buildings, literature, gastronomy, and virtually anything else. This article gives data on all entertaining, fantastic, unusual, and undiscovered intriguing facts about the Mughal Empire and its emperors.This article also aims to highlight positive and bad details and data regarding mughal empires, mughal empire conflicts and fights, architecture, and their monuments.
Foundation of Mughal Empire
Babur created the foundations of the Mughal empire after his triumph over Ibrahim Lodi in the first battle of Panipat in 1526. Babur’s ancestors were Turko-Mongols. On his father’s side, he was a legitimate descendant of Timur of the Timurid dynasty, and on his mother’s side, he was a direct ancestor of Genghis Khan of the Mongol Empire.
Second Biggest Kingdom
The Mughal empire was the second biggest kingdom in Indian history, after the Mauryan empire, at its apex. The Mughal empire spanned four million square kilometres at its peak, while the Mauryan empire spanned five million square kilometres at its peak.
The Persian language was utilised by the Mughals for governmental and court business. Clerics of the court employed the Arabic language for religious affairs, including various rites. Chagatai Turkic was the spoken language of the first few Mughal kings. Following that, Mughal emperors used hindustani as their verbal language.
The Mughals painted in a style that was influenced by Indian and Persian art. Art blossomed in the Mughal Empire during the reigns of Akbar, Shah Jahan, and Jahangir. Hamzanama, Nizami’s Khamsa, and Darab Nama are some of his most famous works.
Mughals were the first to introduce gunpowder to the Indian subcontinent. Babur, although being outmanned by Ibrahim Lodi, won the first fight of Panipat convincingly, thanks in large part to the employment of gunpowder. Only three rulers in mediaeval global history were adept in the usage of gunpowder at the moment: the Ottoman Empire, the Safavid rulers of Persia, and the Mughal rulers.
Most Wealthy King in Mughal Empire
Akbar’s reign (1556-1605) is regarded as the most wealthy in the Mughal empire’s history. The Mughal empire’s geographic expansions were cemented by Akbar. During Akbar’s rule, the arts, culture, society, and economy prospered, as did religious tolerance. Akbar abolished the Jazia tax, which had been enforced on non-Muslims by previous Mughal emperors.
Most brutal king
Aurangzeb was regarded as one of the Mughal Empire’s most brutal, brutal, and religiously oppressive monarchs. During this time, the majority of Hindu temples were dismantled. The ninth Sikh leader, Guru Teg Bahadur, was openly murdered by command of Aurangzeb for declining to adopt to Islam.
India’s economy was well throughout the Mughal Empire. Large variety of staple food crops were cultivated. Cotton, indigo, oil seeds, sugarcane, and other cash crops were also widely planted. In the 17th century, two new crops, tobacco and maize, were introduced by subsequent mughal emperors. Potatoes and red chiles were first cultivated in the 18th century, most likely around the conclusion of the Mughal period.
Mughal Emperor Akbar ruled for the longest time. His reign lasted 18,157 days, from 11 February 1556 to 27 October 1605. Aurangzeb is the second longest ruling emperor. Aurangzeb ruled from July 31, 1658, until March 3, 1707, a total of 17,748 days. Shah Alam II was the third longest reigning Mughal emperor, reigning from December 10, 1759, to November 19, 1806.
Horses in army
The Mughals continued to use horses in their army. Animals, like warriors, were armoured on the majority of their bodies. Guns were even installed on some camels. For instance, the zamburak was a camel with a fixed swivel gun affixed on its back.
Top 10 Facts about Indus Valley Civilization
The Indus River Valley Civilization, also recognized as the Harappan Civilization, lasted from 3300 to 1300 BCE and spanned contemporary northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India. Normalized weights and scales, seal carving, and metallurgy with copper, bronze, lead, and tin were all essential inventions of this civilization. Nothing is certain about the Indus language, and as a consequence, little is learned about the structures and governmental structures of the Indus River Valley Civilization. This work led to the the first excavations in the early 20th century at Harappa by Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni, and by R.D. Banerji at another Indus Civilization city, Mohenjo Daro. Weather change and displacement are most likely to blame for the civilization’s demise. Let us decode this ancient civilization to learn about India’s history.
Both Indus Valley towns were categorized into Upper Town and Lower Town, just as the French split Pondicherry (India) in two in the 18th century: White Town and Black Town. The upper town was for traders and nobles, while the lower town was for commoners. All of the roads and routes in IVC were straight and intersected at a 90-degree angle. Houses were built in a variety of, types and sizes possibly to reflect social structure. Many of the IVC sites had buildings with single, double, and multiple spaces.
It was a fortification, but not quite a fortification. Since only six citadels have been discovered, it appears that some governing or priesthood class existed there. One curious fact is that every sixth of them was discovered on the city’s upper floor. A citadel, on the other hand, does not imply the presence of a king.
The Great Bath at Mohenjodaro resembled a contemporary swimming pool. It was a rectangular building with stairwells leading within. Surprisingly, there were three showers by the Great Bath. It demonstrates that they were possibly worried about sanitation.
Mohenjodaro has one of the largest granaries among IVC locations. Granaries could be found at almost any IVC location. Rice, wheat, and barley were the most commonly stored foods. It was most likely a public distribution system designed to disperse food grains during disasters, as the Indus River was prone to flooding.
The Indus people were more interested in nature devotion They hated all that scared them and therefore worshipped. Some of the sites had drawings of the sun and moon, implying that they were Sabians. They also prayed to snakes, pigeons, and other creatures. It seems that they had high respect for humped bulls, as both houses had a seal of it.
The Indus or Harappan script has 400 pictograph signs in total. No one else has been able to decode the book, and from the way it is published, it appears they were familiar with geometry. It is a brief overview of the great Indus Valley Civilization. They have established a tradition that can still be replicated.
Evidence suggests that Harappans were involved in a large maritime—sea—trade system that stretched from Central Asia to the Middle East. The civil economy appears to have relied heavily on trade, which was encouraged by substantial developments in transportation technology. The Harappan Civilization may have been the first to use wheeled movement in the form of oxcarts, which are still used in South Asia today.
Extraction of the Indus Valley Civilization sites is continuing, and by 1999, 1,056 cities and villages had been discovered. IVC thrived in the basins of two large rivers: the Indus and the Ghaggar-Hakra. It is the oldest of the four ancient civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, and China, covering a region about the size of Western Europe.
Indus valley civilization cities had the earth’s first municipal sewage schemes. Both houses had bathing facilities and drainage systems that discharged into larger public drains and accumulated fertile sludge on farm areas. Some homes also had the world’s earliest recorded flush toilets. The majority of the buildings had personal wells, and there was a comprehensive water management system with several reservoirs.
Many scholars believe that the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilization was caused by climate change. Some experts believe the drying of the Saraswati River, which began around 1900 BCE, was the main cause for climate change, while others conclude that a great flood struck the area.
Top 10 Facts about Indian Flag
The national flag represents a country’s social, economic, and political values. A country’s national flag is a source of national pride. It carries the ideals on which the nation’s very base is built. The Indian National Flag is extremely important to the people of India and holds great spiritual significance for them. It is the roof under which the spirit of nationalism and patriotism thrives. It is an emblem of national pride and reflects the hopes and aspirations of its people. It is not just a piece of cloth, but a sense of dignity that drives soldiers to risk their lives just to keep it floating high in the sky. The late Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru described it as “not only a flag of freedom for ourselves but a sign of freedom for all citizens.” So, Here are some interesting facts about our Tiranga:
Pingali Venkayya, an Andhra Pradesh freedom fighter and farmer, designed the Indian National Flag.
The Indian flag was adopted on July 22, 1947, just two days before India’s independence from Britain on August 15, 1947.
The first Indian flag featured religious symbols and eight roses, with the words Vande Matram in the middle. It was made up of three horizontal green, yellow, and red stripes. It was unveiled on August 7, 1906, in Parsi Bagan Square in Kolkata.
Saffron represents bravery and sacrifice, while white represents fact, harmony, and purity. The green color of the flag signifies wealth, while the Ashok Chakra represents the Dharma Laws (righteousness).
The middle stripe in the center features a navy blue pattern of an Ashoka Chakra with 24 evenly spaced spokes.
The Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission owns the right to produce the flag, which it distributes to regional parties.
Tenzing Norgay raised the Indian national flag for the first time on Mount Everest on May 29, 1953.
The Supreme Court of India changed the flag code in 2002, granting all people the freedom to hoist the flag at any time under the flag code.Before 2002, ordinary Indian citizens were not permitted to hoist the National Flag except on Independence and Republic Days.
According to the flag code, the flag must be flown throughout the day and no other flag or symbolic representation should be flown above it.
The very first Indian to lift the flag on foreign soil was Bhikaji Rustom Cama.
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