Marathi people celebrate the festivals all the year, all are enthusiastic and have a special target to have the festivals. Each festival has separate food item that includes too much fun, especially for kids. In all festivals, blessings are important from your parents, teachers, and elder once. Some are related to parents, some are related to siblings, some are related to a spouse, some are related to their families as well. This is the way to show gratitude for the people you adore. This brings more perfect bonds among all the relations. We will be going through the top 10 festivals in detail.
Gudi Padwa –
The year starts on the first day of Chaitra known as Gudi Padwa] which falls around March or April of the Western calendar. A gudi or victory pole is erected outside the house on this day. The special dish on the day includes Shreekhand. Neem leaves are eaten on this day to ward off illness during the new year. Gudi Padwa, like Diwali Padwa and Dasara, is considered one of the three and a half auspicious days of the Marathi calendar. Astrological charts need not be consulted for conducting important ceremonies, such as weddings, on these days. During Chaitra, women also hold a Haladi-Tunku celebration. Chaitra is, however, considered inauspicious for weddings.
Makar Sankranti –
This mostly falls on January 14 when the Sun enters Capricorn. In Maharashtra, the day is celebrated by giving and receiving sweets made of jaggery and sesame seeds called tilgool and halwa. During the exchanging of the sweets, people say to each other in Marathi “Til-gool Ghya aani God Bola” (rough translation Please accept my til-gool & be friendly to me or Take sweet, talk sweet”). Special chappati with jaggery (gool poli) is the dish of the day.
Mangala Gaur –
Pahili Mangala Gaur (first Mangala Gaur) celebration is one of the most important celebrations for the new brides. On the Tuesday of the month of Shravan after her marriage, the new bride performs Shivling puja for the well-being of her husband and new family. It is also a get-together for all women folks. It includes chatting, playing games, Ukhane (married women take their husband’s name woven in 2/4 rhyming liners), and great food. They typically play Jhimma, Fugadi, Bhendya till the wee hours of the next morning
Ram Navmi –
Ram Navami and Hanuman Jayanti, the birthdays of Shree Ramchandra and Hanuman respectively are also celebrated in the month of Chaitra. Sunthawada/dinkawada, a snack usually eaten by new mothers is the snack of the day for Ram Navami.
Kojagiri Purnima –
In autumn Full Moon night is celebrated with sweetened milk. The firstborn in the family is also honored on this night.
Champa Shashti –
A six-day festival, from the first to sixth lunar day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu month of Margashirsh, in honor of Khandoba is celebrated by many deshastha families. Ghatasthapana, similar to Navaratri, also takes place in Deshastha households during this festival. The sixth day is called Champa Sashthi.
Maha Shivratri –
Worship day of Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva is pleased with austerities, so no sweets are prepared. A chutney made the fruit of the Kawath tree (curd fruit, elephant apple, monkey fruit, or wood apple) is the specialty of this day.
This festival starts on the first day of the Hindu month of Ashvin. The nine-day festival of Durga culminates in Vijayadashami (Dasara). This is one of the three auspicious days of the year. Traditionally, stars need not be consulted for starting a new project on this day. People also exchange leaves of Apti tree as a symbol of gold. During Navaratri women and girls hold bhondla, a singing party in honor of the Goddess. Some families also observe Navaratri in the spring season in addition to the Navaratri observed in winter.
Ganesh Utsav –
Festival of Lord Ganesh. Through, Lokamanya Tilak’s efforts Ganeshotsav became a public celebration a century ago. However, families install their own clay (called shadu in Marathi) Ganpati in their house on Ganesh Chaturthi for family observation of the festival. The private celebration can go on for 1½ days to full 10 days according to each family’s tradition. A Modak (steamed rice dumpling usually with a jaggery/coconut filling) is a sweet prepared for this occasion and is considered the favorite of Lord Ganesh. Ganeshotsav also incorporates the Gauri festival. people install statues of the Gauri. some people on the other hand use special rocks as symbols of Gauri. In some families, Gauri is also known as Mahalakshmi Puja. It is celebrated for three days; on the first day, Mahalakshmi’s arrival is observed. The ladies in the family will bring statues of Mahalakshmi from the door to the place where they will be worshipped. They are settled at a certain location (very near the Devaghar), adorned with clothes and ornaments. On the second day, the family members get together and prepare a meal of Puran poli. This day is the puja day of Mahalakshmi and the meal is offered to Mahalakshmi and her blessings sought. On the third day, Mahalakshmi goes to her husband’s home. Before the departure, ladies in the family will invite the neighborhood ladies for an exchange of Haldi-kumkum. It is customary for the whole family to get together during the three days of Mahalakshmi puja. Most families consider Mahalakshmi as their daughter who is living with her husband’s family all the year but visits her parents’ (Maher) during the three days.
The festival of lights is celebrated over five days by the people of Maharashtra. Families celebrate this by waking up early in the morning and having an oil bath. People light their houses with lamps and burst firecrackers over the course of the festival. Special sweets and savories like anarse, karanji, Chakli, chivda, Ladoo are prepared for the festival. Vibrant Rangoli is made in front of the house. Kids make a replica fort in memory of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the great Maratha leader.
Top 10 Easy Christmas Drawings Ideas for Kids
Enriching your home for these special seasons with DIY Christmas makes generally seems like a smart thought … until you recall that you actually need to shuffle your child’s bustling timetables, set up your vacation feast, purchase presents and, all things considered, all the other things.
That is the reason these Christmas makes for youngsters are an absolute necessity: They’ll keep your children occupied until Santa’s appearance while giving you a few new enhancements to show off this Christmas season. These merry thoughts are made for little hands, so they’re unbelievably speedy and simple to pull off for youngsters.
These simple Christmas drawings can be used as inspiration for your holiday creations.
For a long time, I believed I couldn’t draw, and as a result, I never even tried. Now that I’m older, I realise that everything is possible if you put your mind to it, and the same is true for you. Anyone who tells you you can’t do something is a liar.
You might be able to draw something similar if you pay attention to the simple lines in these images. I’m confident that you can do it!
So here are the Top 10 Easy Christmas Drawings Ideas for Kids!
Salt Dough Snowflakes
You can either utilize a stamp to put a snowflake shape on a salt batter circle, or you can utilize a cutout to make salt mixture looking like a snowflake. In any case, you have an adornment, a present clincher or other Christmas token.
Popsicle Stick Snowflake Ornaments
Roused by conventional Scandinavian straw trimmings, these popsicle stick adornments are the ideal end of the week movement. To make, paint popsicle sticks white and let dry. Orchestrate matching sizes into a X-shape and paste together in the center. Organize 2 X’s corner to corner on top of one another to make a snowflake shape and paste in the center. Let dry totally. Weave shaded weaving string around the popsicle sticks to make a X or matrix design. Tie the string at the rear of the snowflake and trim any overabundance. Stick a strip circle to the rear of the snowflake to hang.
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Use Hershey Kisses enclosed by occasion shading foils to make this super simple undertaking: Cut triangles from scrapbooking paper to address trees, and let kids stick them into the highest point of the Kisses with toothpicks. Orchestrate them on a platter for a table focal point that is natively constructed, reasonable… and flavorful, as well.
3D Paper Snowman Ornaments
Building a snowman generally requires more work than you suspect – yet fortunately, these 3D paper forms are really simple (and speedy!) to make.
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Cinnamon Stick Christmas Tree
This is a specialty that looks and scents incredible! Children could require assist utilizing a heated glue with gunning to stick the button on top, however they can absolutely deal with tying the green strips on the cinnamon stick.
Do-It-Yourself Christmas Village
This Christmas town is so pleasant, it looks locally acquired – yet it’s actually all DIY, produced using cardboard, paint and wooden circles. That implies you get to pick everything, down to the shadings. On the off chance that you navigate to the instructional exercise, you could print out the townspeople for your own set.
Create Gingerbread Stick Houses
You can hang these on an entryway, on the tree or any place else you want a portion happy. Reward: Made from make sticks, dots and other normal craftsmanship supplies, they’re to a lesser extent a messy wreck than a genuine gingerbread house
Tissue Paper Christmas Tree
Bright tissue paper, star patterns and pom poms make these 3D trees become animated. They twofold as style, as well: Once they’re dry, speck them across your shelf, flight of stairs or racks.
Santa Advent Calendar
Assist Santa with nailing his Christmas look – each cotton ball in turn. In the first place, cut out Santa’s head and red cap on bits of white and red paper. Draw on his eyes, pink cheeks and nose, then, at that point, write down 1-25 on his white facial hair. Beginning December 1, have your children tape up a cotton ball until Santa’s facial hair is finished.
Classic Paper Ornaments
For added aspect, blend a lot of paper decorations in with multi-shaded doodads. To make, follow our layouts onto cardstock and cut them out. Design as you would prefer with charming line cleaners and snowflake patterns. At long last, poke a hole, add a strip and hang them on your Christmas tree.
Top 10 Astonishing Miracles in the world
Top 10 Astonishing Miracles in the world: Whether or not you trust in wonders, there is a colossal measure of documentation for apparently mystifying occasions throughout the long term that many individuals accept to be simply crafted by God.
In this rundown I have attempted to pick top ten Astonishing Miracles in the world .
Marian Apparition in Zeitoun (1968 – 1970)
ZeitunA Marian specter is an occasion wherein the Virgin Mary is accepted to have powerfully appeared to at least one people no matter what their strict confidence. They are regularly given names in light of the town in which they were accounted for, or on the sobriquet which was given to Mary on the event of the specter. They have been deciphered in mental terms as pareidolia, and in strict terms as theophanies. Likely the most renowned of these phantoms were the dreams of St Bernadette at Lourdes (related thing 6 on this rundown), and three youngsters in Fatima (related thing 1 on this rundown). In the two cases, individuals included said that the Virgin Mary gave them forecasts of future occasions and lectured supplication and compensation.
The well known instance of Our Lady of Zeitoun occurred in Zeitoun, Cairo, and in opposition to the standard, the specter was seen by a huge number of individuals over a time of 2 to 3 years. The ghost was even gotten on film (as found in the photo above). The Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria in Cairo gave an explanation that the ghosts were genuine. The Catholic Church presently can’t seem to give an authority explanation.
Incorruptibility is the name given to the circumstance in which a dead individual doesn’t rot in the afterlife. The customary church think of it as fundamental in thinking about an individual for canonization as a holy person, and the Roman Catholic Church consider it as indication of sainthood yet not a need. Furthermore, the Catholic Church accepts that a body isn’t considered ethical assuming it has gone through a treating cycle or different method for safeguarding the dead, or on the other hand on the off chance that it has become solid, as do every ordinary corps, in any event, when the best protection procedures are utilized.
Morally sound holy people remain totally adaptable, as though they were just dozing. Morally sound bodies are frequently said to have the Odor of Sanctity, radiating a lovely smell. Throughout the long term there have been many Saints whose bodies have been viewed as incorrupt – a few a long time after their demise. In the picture above we see St Bernadette as she shows up today – 129 years after her passing.
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Therese Neumann (1896 – 1962)
Therese Neumann was a German Catholic spiritualist and stigmatic. On March 10, 1918, Therese Neumann was somewhat incapacitated in the wake of tumbling off a stool while taking care of a fire in her uncle’s horse shelter. She supported more falls and wounds during this period. After one specific fall in 1919, she lost a lot of her vision. Therese announced that her vision was completely reestablished on April 29, 1923 – the day Therese of Lisieux was exalted (the initial step to sainthood) in Rome. She said that on March 5, 1926, the principal Friday of Lent, an injury had showed up somewhat over her heart, however that she had kept quiet. Nonetheless, she detailed a dream of Jesus at Mount Olivet with three Apostles.
On Easter Sunday, she guaranteed a dream of the revival of Christ. For quite some time Fridays from that point onward, she expressed she was encountering the Passion of Christ, probably experiencing in her own body alongside the entirety of his notable desolations. She particularly experienced the Passion on Good Fridays every year. By November 5, 1926, she showed nine injuries on her head as well as wounds on her back and shoulders (the greater part of which are apparent in the picture above). As indicated by a few sources these injuries never mended or became contaminated and were found on her body at death. From the long periods of 1922 until her passing in 1962, Therese Neumann said she had polished off no food other than The Holy Eucharist, and to have smashed no water from 1926 until her demise. In July 1927 a clinical specialist and four Franciscan attendants kept a watch on her 24 hours per day for a fourteen day time frame. They affirmed that she had consumed nothing with the exception of one sanctified consecrated Host a day, and had experienced no evil impacts, deficiency of weight, or parchedness. Formal procedures for her beatification were started in 2005.
Statue in Akita (1973 – 1975)
In 1973, Sister Agnes Katsuko Sasagawa in Akita, Japan had dreams of the Virgin Mary. On June 28, 1973, a cross-formed injury showed up within left hand of Sr. Agnes. It drained plentifully and caused her much agony. On July 6, Sr. Agnes heard a voice coming from the sculpture of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the sanctuary where she was supplicating. The sculpture was cut from a solitary square of wood from a Katsura tree and is three feet tall. Around the same time, a couple of the sisters saw drops of blood moving from the sculpture’s right hand. The injury in the sculpture’s hand stayed until September 29, when it vanished. On September 29, the day the injury on the sculpture vanished, the sisters saw the sculpture had now started to “sweat”, particularly on the temple and neck.
After two years on January 4, 1975, the sculpture of the Blessed Virgin started to sob. It kept on sobbing at spans for the following 6 years and eight months. It sobbed on 101 events. Logical examination of blood and tears from the resolution given by Professor Sagisaka of the staff of Legal Medicine of the University of Akita affirmed that the blood, tears, and sweat are genuine human tears, sweat, and blood. They come from three blood gatherings: O, B, and AB. Sr. Agnes was additionally totally relieved of complete deafness. In June 1988, Cardinal Ratzinger (presently Pope Benedict XVI) – top of the Office of Inquisition – made a decision about the Akita occasions and messages as solid and deserving of conviction.
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The specters of Our Lady of Lourdes started on 11 February 1858, when Bernadette Soubirous, a 14-year old worker young lady from Lourdes conceded, when addressed by her mom, that she had seen a “woman” in the cavern of Massabielle, about a mile from the town, while she was gathering kindling with her sister and a companion. Comparable appearances of the “woman” occurred on seventeen further events that year.
During one of the phantoms, she was coordinated by the “woman” to burrow close to a stone and drink from the spring there – there was a little puddle of mud in the spot however as Bernadette delved in to it, an enormous spring showed up – this is the wellspring of the water in the cavern to which a large number of individuals run for inexplicable fixes consistently. The Lourdes Medical Bureau have pronounced 68 instances of peculiar fixes (out of thousands tried).
Joseph of Cupertino (1603 – 1663)
Joseph of Cupertino is an Italian holy person. He was said to have been strikingly unclever, yet inclined to inexplicable levitation, and serious happy dreams that left him expanding. Thusly, he is perceived as the supporter holy person of air explorers, pilots, individuals with a psychological impediment, and feeble understudies. He was consecrated in 1767. On October 4, 1630, the town of Cupertino held a parade on the gala day of Saint Francis of Assisi. Joseph was aiding the parade when he abruptly took off out of sight, where he remained drifting over the group. Whenever he plunged and acknowledged what had occurred, he turned out to be extremely humiliated that he escaped to his mom’s home and stowed away.
This was the first of many flights, which before long acquired him the moniker “The Flying Saint.” Joseph’s most popular flight supposedly happened during an ecclesiastical crowd before Pope Urban VIII. Whenever he bowed down to kowtow to the Pope, he was unexpectedly loaded up with worship for the Pope, and was lifted out of sight. He encountered euphorias and flights (saw by thousands) during his keep going mass which was on the Feast of the Assumption 1663. Apple Inc’s. central command are in the California town of Cupertino, which was named after this holy person. A film (the Reluctant Saint) was made with regards to St Joseph.
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Tilma of Juan Diego (1474 – 1548)
Saint Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin was a native Mexican who detailed a nebulous vision of the Virgin Mary as Our Lady of Guadalupe in 1531. He essentially affected the spread of the Catholic confidence inside Mexico. As per Juan Diego, he got back that evening to his uncle Juan Bernardino’s home, and found him genuinely sick. The following morning December 12, Juan Diego chose not to meet with the Lady, but rather to observe a cleric who could direct the last customs to his perishing uncle. Whenever he attempted to skirt around Tepeyac slope, the Lady blocked him, guaranteed him his uncle would not kick the bucket, and requested that he climb the slope and assemble the blossoms he tracked down there. It was December, when typically nothing blossoms neglected.
There he tracked down roses from the district of Castille in Spain, previous home of minister Zumárraga. The Lady re-organized the roses cautiously inside the collapsed tilma that Juan Diego wore and told him not to open it before anybody but rather the diocesan. Whenever Juan Diego unfurled his tilma before the Bishop roses fell from his tilma, and a symbol of Our Lady of Guadalupe was supernaturally dazzled on the fabric, pushing the diocesan to the edge of total collapse. The diocesan recognized the supernatural occurrence and inside two weeks, requested a holy place to be assembled where the Virgin Mary had showed up. The first tilma is in plain view in Guadalupe today and is one of the most often visited journey locales on the planet.
Padre Pio (St Pio of Pietrelcina) (1887 – 1968)
Francesco Forgione, later known as Padre Pio, consecrated as Saint Pio of Pietrelcina, was an Italian Roman Catholic Capuchin minister who is presently loved as a holy person in the Roman Catholic Church. He was given the name Pio when he joined the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin, and was famously known as Padre Pio after his appointment to the ministry. He became well known for his blemish. In view of Padre Pio’s correspondence, even right off the bat in his ministry he encountered more subtle signs of the apparent blemish for which he would later become well known. However Padre Pio would have liked to experience covertly, by mid 1919, news about the stigmatic monk started to spread in the mainstream world. Padre Pio’s injuries were inspected by many individuals, including doctors. Individuals who had begun reconstructing their lives after World War I started to find in Padre Pio an image of trust.
Those near him verify that he started to show a few otherworldly gifts including the gifts of recuperating, bilocation, levitation, prescience, supernatural occurrences, remarkable forbearance from both rest and sustenance (One record expresses that Padre Agostino recorded one example in which Padre Pio had the option to stay alive for something like 20 days at Verafeno on just the Eucharist with no other sustenance), the capacity to understand hearts, the endowment of tongues, the endowment of transformations, and the aroma from his injuries. Rather than utilizing a picture, I have utilized a video clasp of St Pio – you can see his hands covered by fingerless gloves to conceal his blemish. You may likewise be keen on this clasp wherein St Pio’s grave and final resting place are opened (on March 3, 2008) uncovering that his body is incorrupt. His body is currently in plain view in San Giovanni Rotondo.
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The Miracle of Lanciano (700 AD)
In the city of Lanciano, Italy, around A.D. 700, a Basilian priest and cleric was appointed to praise the Eucharistic penance in the Latin Rite in the little Church of St.Legontian. Generally celebrating in the Greek Rite and utilizing raised bread and having been instructed that unleavened bread was invalid matter for the Holy Sacrifice he was upset to be compelled to utilize unleavened bread and experienced difficulty accepting that the marvel of transubtantiation would occur with unleavened bread. During the Mass, when he said the expressions of sanctification, he saw the bread change into live tissue and the wine change into live blood, which coagulated into five globules, sporadic and varying in shape and size. Different ministerial examinations have been directed upon the marvel, and the proof of the supernatural occurrence stays in Lanciano right up ’til today. In 1970-71, Professors from the University of Siena directed a logical examination concerning the supernatural occurrence.
They presumed that the flesh are human flesh. The Flesh is a heart complete in its fundamental design. The Flesh and the Blood have a similar blood classification, AB, which is additionally a similar blood classification found on the Shroud of Turin and any remaining Eucharistic Miracles. The Host-Flesh, which is a similar size as the enormous Host involved today in the Latin Church, is stringy and light brown in shading, and becomes rose-hued when lit from the back. The Blood comprises of five coagulated globules and has a natural tone taking after the yellow of ochre.
The Miracle of the Sun
The Miracle of the Sun is a supposed wonderful occasion seen by upwards of 100,000 individuals on 13 October 1917 in the Cova da Iria fields close to Fátima, Portugal. Those in participation had gathered to see what the Portuguese mainstream papers had been criticizing for quite a long time as the ludicrous case of three shepherd kids that a marvel planned to happen at high-early afternoon in the Cova da Iria on October 13, 1917. As per many observer articulations, after a defeat of downpour, the foreboding shadows broke and the sun showed up as an obscure, turning plate overhead. It was supposed to be altogether less splendid than typical, and cast colorful lights across the scene, the shadows on the scene, individuals, and the encompassing mists.
The sun was then answered to have tilted towards the earth in a crisscross example, alarming a portion of those current who thought it implied the apocalypse. A few observers detailed that their already wet garments turned out to be “abruptly and totally dry.” Estimates of the quantity of witnesses range from 30,000-40,000 by Avelino de Almeida, composing for the Portuguese paper O Século, to 100,000, assessed by Dr. Joseph Garrett, teacher of inherent sciences at the University of Coimbra, both of whom were available that day. The marvel was credited by adherents to Our Lady of Fátima, a nebulous vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary to three youthful shepherd youngsters in 1917, as having been anticipated by the three kids on 13 July, 19 August, and 13 September 1917. The kids detailed that the Lady had guaranteed them that she would on 13 October uncover her character to them and give a supernatural occurrence “so that all might accept.” The occasion was authoritatively acknowledged as a wonder by the Roman Catholic Church on 13 October 1930.
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Top 10 Largest Temples In The World
Top 10 Largest Temples In The World: Many individuals all through the world have faith in numerous divine beings. The pilgrimage sites of these gods make the most significant religious places some of them are big, while some are extraordinarily enormous Hindus, Buddhists Sikhs, and many religions usually build temples as their religious sites. So , here we have listed TOP 10 LARGEST TEMPLES IN THE WORLD.
Baalbek sanctuary is among the most fascinating archeological locales with regards to north-eastern Lebanon. It was the greatest sanctuary in the Roman Empire, named by the Romans Heliopolis. Romans developed three sanctuaries around this area, with Jupiter, Bacchus, and Venus as prime gods.
The sanctuary of Jupiter has 54 weighty rock support points lined, and just 6 of these monster support points are as yet standing. Romans built the sanctuary of Bacchus in AD 150, and the site is still all around protected. Its dividers are adorned with 42 points of support from Corinth and stand upright. Roman Gods Hadad, Atargatis, and a youthful male divine force of fruitfulness were essentially revered.
The sanctuary is a Hindu holy place committed to Lord Shiva on the South Bank of the Kaveri River in Tamil Nadu, India. It is likewise alluded to as Rajarajesvaram or Peruvudaiyär Kôvil. Sanctuary’s engineering. It is probably the biggest sanctuary in South India, cut from a solitary stone, an outline of Dravidianengineering. The sanctuary overall is made out of rock stones and the main complete rock sanctuary.
The sanctuary is around 66 meters high, and a Nandi (Bull) mold is around 16 feet in length and 13 feet tall, which is likewise cut out of a solitary stone. Raja Chola | fabricated this sanctuary around 1010 AD. In a few capacities, the sanctuary guarantees a labor force of 600 individuals. From antiquated times, the Brihadeeswarar sanctuary was the world’s biggest sanctuary of Lord Shiva. This sanctuary is additionally an UNESCO World Heritage site for its brilliant definite compositional plan.
Meenakshi Amman Temple
In the heavenly town of Madurai in India, there is a chronicled Hindu Temple named Meenakshi Sundaresvarar Sanctuary or Meenakshi Amman (“Mother Meenakshi” in old Tamil). It is dedicated to Lord Shiva-here called Sundareswarar or the Beautiful Lord – and his better half, Parvati, privately known as Meenakshi.
The sanctuary is the focal point of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. Madurai is an old town that is somewhere around 2500 years of age. Sanctuary engineering contains 14 awesome Gopurams or pinnacles, with two overlaid Gopurams for the essential gods, intricately etched and captured that show the old Indian design and sculptural abilities.
Tikal (Temple IV)
Tikal is one of the greatest Mayan civilization areas in Latin America and the Caribbean in Guatemala. Tikal was a town in old Maya Civilization, where there were numerous pyramidical sanctuaries. Be that as it may, the biggest one, fourth, was built in 741 AD with a stature of 64.6 meters. Like Mesopotamia and the antiquated Indus Valley Civilization, Tikal was among the primary Mayan urban communities to acquire unmistakable quality in the Early Classic time frame (250-600 CE). Tikal acquired its abundance by taking advantage of its regular assets and topographical area to turn into the principal Mayan superpower. Sanctuary IV is the seventh greatest sanctuary on the planet and is additionally a World Heritage site by UNESCO.
The Jetavanaramaya is the greatest stupa complex on the planet when estimated by size. It is situated in the town of Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka. Ruler Mahasena assembled it in the third century AD, its development gone on for quite some time, and roughly 93.3 million prepared blocks were utilized.
During the development, King passed on, yet it was finished by his child, MaghavanI Jetavanaramaya was the third tallest construction on the planet behind the Egyptian pyramids when it was finished, at a stature of 122 meters (400 feet). The actual vault has a breadth of around 95 meters. Its engineering is hill like and has Buddhist relics, remains of the perished priests.
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Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is a critical hallowed place committed to Lord Ranganatha (the redlining sight of Ruler Vishnu). It is likewise among the most renowned sanctuaries in India, brimming with a great many travelers and aficionados every year.
The Temple is likewise one of the conspicuous heavenly sanctums and covers an area of 156 sections of land (6,31,000 sq. m). It is 73 meters high and traces all the way back to the seventeenth century, however was just finished in 1987.
Shailendra Dynasty, constructed this sanctuary around the ninth century in Magelang, Central Java. Place of worship’s primary god is Lord Buddha and is essentially an old contemplation community assembled together by priests. Sanctuary contains six square stages, three-round stages that outperform them, perfectly brightened with 2,672 alleviation sheets, and 504 Buddha models.
Also, 72 Buddha figures in a situated position looking towards the focal pinnacle of the top stage encompass the sanctuary. The total region of the total locale is around 2,500 sq. meters.
Completed in 2005 by the spiritual organization BAPS, no expense has been spared in decorating the Akshardham temple. The building was inspired and moderated by Pramukh Swami Maharaj, the current head of Swaminarayan Hinduism. The central monument is 43 meters (141 feet) high, 96 meters (316 feet) wide, and 110 meters (370 feet) long, and is covered top to bottom with carved details of flora, fauna, dancers, musicians, and deities. It is constructed entirely from Rajasthani pink sandstone and Italian Carrara marble, and has no support from steel or concrete
Karnak (Great Hypostyle Hall)
It is perhaps the most visited places in Egypt after the Great Pyramid. However seriously destroyed, there are not many a larger number of spots worth visiting in Egypt than Karnak. It is the world’s greatest old sanctuary structure and portrays the general achievement of Egyptian manufacturer ages. Indeed, Karnak is comprised of a few unmistakable sanctuaries.
Hypostyle Hall, which has an area of 5,000 square meters (50,000 sq ft), is the greatest and generally well known. The development of the construction began during the Middle Kingdom by Sesostris I and continued all through the Ptolemy period. The Precinct of Amun-Ra, the Precinct of Mut, the Precinct of Montu, and the Temple of Amenhotep IV are the main components. This is the antiquated sanctuary that was built in Ptolemaic ages.
Angkor Wat Temple Complex is the biggest sanctuary on the planet, situated in Cambodia, it is the public symbol of the country. Angkor Wat Temple, an UNESCO World Heritage Site, has north of 500 sections of land covered. Khmer King Suryavarman II developed the sanctuary complex .Many specialists think about it as the old world’s greatest strict focus of South East Asia. The site of the sanctuary covers 162.6 hectares or 1,626,000 square meters. Worked around the start of the twelfth century, the sanctuary was devoted to Lord Vishnu and later turned into a Buddhist focus (Buddha is accepted to be Vishnu’s resurrection). It emulates the structural arrangement of Mount Meru, a sacrosanct mountain in both Buddhism and Hinduism.
The principle tower is 65 meters high, is encircled by four different pinnacles. The three-story building has a focal corridor with Buddha’s photos and artworks, portraying scenes of the Ramayana and Mahabharata. The essential material involved during development for this sanctuary was sandstones. At the entry of the sanctuary in Angkor Wat, models and gravures are well designed. A sculpture of Lord Vishnu is in the sanctuary, which is 3.2 meters in tallness. The external exhibition of the sanctuary of Angkor Wat covers 186 x 215 meters. Then, at that point, the following two displays are associated with one another. It is 100 x 115 meters (328 x 377 meters) at the second stage. The inside display has a rectangular district of 60 x 60 meters. The pinnacle is 65 meters over the floor over the primary sanctuary.
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Top 10 Dances of India
Because of its vast and diversified culture, India is adorned with various styles of classical and folk dances. Folk dances are commonly used to mark the festivities of various seasonal or spiritual holidays. They are an essential component of our social pleasure. Most folk dances have changed and matured with time, providing originality and freshness to Indian culture.
Bhangra is a loud and vigorous Punjabi folk dance. Its origins are unknown. Some claim it is a martial kind of dance, while others claim it was started by farmers to celebrate the Baisakhi celebration or crop season. In Punjab, no festival is completed without Bhangra. It consists of energetic dancing routines accompanied by the sounds of a dhol or drum.
It is a popular dance genre in the state of Haryana. It is also known as the “Hariyanvi Gigga” in some parts of the state. Jhumar is derived from an accessory used by girls to adorn their foreheads. Young married women in eye-catching outfits and brilliant jewellery sing and dance to the beats of thali or dholak. They usually dance in a circle and singing.
Kuchipudi – Andhra Pradesh
Named after the Andhra hamlet of Kuchipudi, this classical dance style has its origins in the NatyaShastra, an ancient Hindu Sanskrit literature. The flute, violin, and tambura are commonly used to accompany the dancing form. Before the actual show begins, each dancer must be welcomed, their job defined, and they must do a short preparatory dance.
It is one of the most important folk dances in West India. On festival events such as Navaratri, Vasant Panchami, Sharad Purnima, and Holi, women perform this elegant dance. On all nine nights of Navaratri, women perform the Garba. It entails going around in a circle, chanting and clapping to the beat of a drummer or Dholi. Garba songs are mostly dedicated to Mother Goddess Amba.
This exquisite northeast Indian dance plays an important role in Assam’s festivities. This dance type is typically performed during the Rongali Bihu festival, which marks the beginning of the spring season. The actual specifics of its genesis are unknown. However, according to the earliest sources, KingRudraSinga of Ahom invited artists to participate in Bihu on the auspicious occasion of Rongali Bihu in Ranghar field in 1694.
Lavani – Maharashtra
It’s a lovely mash-up of tune, song, dance, and culture. This dancing style is extremely jazzy due to the engaging Dholak rhythm and aggressive dance routines. It features a quick tempo and a strong rhythm. It covers a wide range of topics, including religion, politics, and society. It is sometimes portrayed in a romantic light, with a lady eagerly awaiting the acceptance of her love.
Kathakali is one of India’s most well-known classical dances. This lively dance-drama combines interesting colours, graceful body movements, and stunning emotions that are timed to music and song. It dates back to the 17th century and is widely performed throughout the state of Kerala. The dance displays drama with mudras and gestures, which are typically influenced from the Ramayana, Mahabharata, or Puranas.
Hikat – Jammu and Kashmir
When spring magnificently submerges the valley in all its majesty, young girls and boys in Kashmir execute this lively and frisky dance. The boys and girls form dancing partners, joining their arms, clutching each other’s hands, bending their bodies backwards, and moving in a circle with flawless accuracy. Rabab and the drum frequently provide music when they perform songs.
Kathak is one of India’s eight primary classical dance styles. Kathak is said to have originated with the roaming bards of ancient northern India called as Kathakars or storytellers. The term Kathak is derived from the Vedic Sanskrit words Katha (tale) and Kathakar (one who narrates a storey). Wandering Kathakars tell legendary stories through dance and song.
Manipuri is a famous Indian dance form that originated in the north-eastern state of Manipur. The dancing costume features a one-of-a-kind stiff skirt that reaches all the way down to the feet. Manipuri dance describes Radha and Krishna’s Raslila act and prepares the spectator for a religious journey
Top 10 Best Non-Fiction Books To Read
Books are something that can change your entire point of view and will force you to look at this glorious world differently. Books are divided into various genres and people love to read them, one such genre is non-fiction. It’s one of the most readable and loved genres of all time. So today we will be listing the top 10 non-fiction books of all time. So grab these books and let all the information sink in.
When Breath Becomes Air
For readers of Atul Gawande, Andrew Solomon, and Anne Lamott, a profoundly moving, exquisitely observed memoir by a young neurosurgeon faced with a terminal cancer diagnosis who attempts to answer the question ‘What makes a life worth living?’
Into Thin Air: A Personal Account of the Mt. Everest Disaster
When Jon Krakauer reached the summit of Mt. Everest in the early afternoon of May 10, 1996, he hadn’t slept in fifty-seven hours and was reeling from the brain-altering effects of oxygen depletion. As he turned to begin his long, dangerous descent from 29,028 feet, twenty other climbers were still pushing doggedly toward the top. No one had noticed that the sky had begun to fill with clouds. Six hours later and 3,000 feet lower, in 70-knot winds and blinding snow, Krakauer collapsed in his tent, freezing, hallucinating from exhaustion and hypoxia, but safe.
Surely You’re Joking, Mr. Feynman!
Manual for Living
Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion
Influence, the classic book on persuasion, explains the psychology of why people say “yes”—and how to apply these understandings. Dr. Robert Cialdini is the seminal expert in the rapidly expanding field of influence and persuasion. His thirty-five years of rigorous, evidence-based research along with a three-year program of study on what moves people to change behavior has resulted in this highly acclaimed book.
A Brief History of Time
The War of Art: Break Through Your Blocks and Win Your Inner Creative Battles
This is Water
Only once did David Foster Wallace give a public talk on his views on life, during a commencement address given in 2005 at Kenyon College. The speech is reprinted for the first time in book form in THIS IS WATER.
Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind
100,000 years ago, at least six human species inhabited the earth. Today there is just one. Us. Homo sapiens.
So these were the top 10 non-fiction books of all time. If you liked this list then also read more amazing lists by clicking here.
Top 10 Avatars of Lord Vishnu
What are Avatars –
a manifestation of a deity or released soul in bodily form on earth; an incarnate divine teacher. Especially Avatar is a Sanskrit word which means different forms and lives. If we assume that evolution of life and Avatars of Lord Vishnu are both same, we can have brief study of evolution of life with the reference of Avatars of Lord Vishnu.
Once an American reporter asked, “Why only Indians have Avatars? why don’t have for others?” The answer is Indians didn’t forget all of those Avatars to keep in records and others forgot who had worked in their own land. Avatar can be a person that help you to get out of our problems but with the time we forget those who helped us. According to Hindu scripture, Avatar is a symbol of God, yet Avatar does not have any barriers of religion, races, caste. In the case of Avatars of Lord Vishnu, all of those were born is different eras yet all worked to save human lives, morals and remembrance of God. We will be going through all of these ten Avatars one by one according to scripture, Purana and Vedas called as Dash-avatar (Dash- 10, Avatar– Forms)
Matsya-avatar (Matsya – Fish)-
King Vaivasvata Manu finds a little fish in the palm of his hands when performing the Tarpana (water-offering). The fish asks Manu if his riches and power was enough to give the fish a nice home. Manu keeps the fish to give it a home, but the fish keeps expanding, which breaks Manu’s pride about his wealth. Eventually, he releases it into the ocean, realizing it is Lord Vishnu himself. Vishnu informs Manu of the coming destruction of the world, by means of fires and floods, and directs Manu to collect “all creatures of the world” and keep them safe on a boat built by the gods. When the deluge (Pralaya) comes, Vishnu appears as a great fish with a horn, to which Manu ties the boat, which leads them into safety.
Kurma-Avatar (Kurma – Tortoise)
The Giant Tortoise Avatar. When the devas (Gods) and asuras (Devils) were churning the ocean of milk in order to get Amrit, the nectar of immortality, the mount Mandara they were using as the churning staff started to sink and Vishnu took the form of a tortoise to bear the weight of the mountain and save Amrit from Devils. It would be hard enough to save the Earth from Asuras if it would have found them. To understand this situation more please look at the image.
Varaha-Avatar (Varaha- Wild Swine)
He appeared to defeat Hiranyaksha, a demon who had taken the Earth, or Prithvi, and carried it to the bottom of what is described as the cosmic ocean (much like in ether theory) in the story. The battle between Varaha and Hiranyaksha is believed to have lasted for a thousand years, which the former finally won. Varaha carried the Earth out of the ocean between his tusks and restored it to its place in the universe.
Narasimha (Nar- Male, Simha- Lion)
The half-man/half-lion Avatar. Jaya and his brother Vijaya are cursed by the sage sanaka when they stop him from seeing Vishnu, and will be reborn three times as demons to be killed by Vishnu. In their first demonic birth they become Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakashipu. Hiranyakashipu persecuted everyone for their religious beliefs including his son who was a Vishnu follower. he was protected by Brahma, and could by no means be killed. Vishnu descended as an anthropomorphic incarnation, with the body of a man and head and claws of a lion. He disemboweled Hiranyakashipu, and brought an end to the persecution of human beings including his devotee Prahlada.
Vamana (Dwarf man Avatar)
The fourth descendant of Vishnu, Bali, with devotion and penance was able to defeat Indra, the god of firmament. This humbled the other deities and extended his authority over the three worlds. The gods appealed to Vishnu for protection and he descended as a boy Vamana. During a yagya of the king, Vamana approached him and Bali promised him for whatever he asked. Vamana asked for three paces of land. Bali agreed, and the dwarf then changed his size to that of a giant Trivikrama form. With his first stride he covered the earthly realm, with the second he covered the heavenly realm thereby symbolically covering the abode of all living beings. He then took the third stride for the netherworld. Bali realized that Vamana was Vishnu incarnate. In deference, the king offered his head as the third place for Vamana to place his foot. The avatar did so and thus granted Bali immortality and making him ruler of Pathala, the netherworld. This legend appears in hymn 1.154 of the Rugveda and other Vedic as well as Puranic texts.
Parashurama (Man with an Axe)
He is son of Jamadagni and Renuka and was granted as boon, an axe after a penance to Lord Shiva. He is the first Brahmin-Kshatriya in Hinduism, or warrior-sage, who had to follow the Dharma of both, a Brahmin as well as a Kshatriya. Once, when king Kartvirya Arjuna and his hunting party halted at the ashrama of Jamadagni, the father of Parashurama, and the sage was able to feed them all with the aid of the divine cow Kamdhenu. The king demanded the cow, but Jamadagni refused. Enraged, the king took it by force and destroyed the ashram. Parashurama then killed the king at his palace and destroyed his army. In revenge, the sons of Kartavirya killed Jamadagni. Parashurama took a vow to kill every Kshatriya on earth twenty-one times over, and filled five lakes with their blood. Ultimately, his grandfather, Rishi Rucheeka, appeared before him and made him halt. He is a chiranjeevi (immortal), and believed to be alive today in penance at Mahendragiri. He also credited for creating coastal belt of Karnataka and Kerala throwing his mighty axe as per Hindu mythology. The place the axe landed in sea got its water displaced and the land which emerged thus came to be known as coast of Karnataka and whole of Kerala.
Lord Sri Rama
The Avatar of Morality and Rules, The Prince and King of Ayodhya. He is a commonly worshipped avatar in Hinduism, and is thought of as the ideal model of a common prince without super powers, despite being an incarnation. His story is recounted in one of the most widely read scriptures of Hinduism, the Ramayana. While in exile from his own kingdom with his brother Lakshman and the God Hanuman, his wife Sita was abducted by the demon king of Lanka, Ravana. He travelled to Lanka, killed the demon king and saved Sita. Rama and Sita returned home and were crowned. The day of the return of Prince Rama to the kingdom of Ayodhya is celebrated in the form of Gudhi Padwa (Hindi New Year) all over India.
Lord Sri Krishna –
Krishna was the eighth son of Devaki and Vasudeva and the foster-son of Yashoda and Nanda. A frequently worshipped deity in Hinduism, he is the hero of various legends, particularly the Kansa-vadha and Mahabharata and embodies several qualities such as love, duty, compassion, and playfulness. Krishna’s birthday is celebrated every year by Hindus on Krishna Janmashtami according to the lunisolar Hindu calendar, which falls in late August or early September of the Gregorian calendar. Krishna is usually depicted with a flute in his hand. Krishna is also a central character in Mahabharat, Bhagavat Purana, and the Shri Madbhahavadgeeta.
He is the founder of Buddhism, is commonly included as an avatar of Vishnu in Hinduism. Buddha is sometimes depicted in Hindu scriptures as a preacher who deludes and leads demons and heretics away from the path of the Vedic Scripture, but another view praises him a compassionate teacher who preached the path of Ahimsa(non-violence). As earlier mentioned that there is no barriers of religion is satisfied in this avatar.
Kalki is described as the final incarnation of Vishnu, who appears at the end of each Kali Yuga. He will be atop a white horse and his sword will be drawn, blazing like a comet. He appears when only chaos, evil and persecution prevails, Dharma has vanished, and he ends the Kali Yuga to restart Satya yuga and another cycle of existence.
Evolutionary Interpretation –
- Matsya- fish (Paleozoic era)
- Kurma- amphibious tortoise (Mesozoic era)
- Varaha – boar (Cenozoic era)
- Narsimha- man-lion, the last animal and semi-human avatar (Cenozoic era)
- Vamana- growing dwarf and first step towards the human form
- Parashurama- a hero, but imperfect human form
- Shri Rama – another hero, physically perfect, befriends a speaking Vanara deity Hanuman
- Lord Krishna- son of Devaki
- Gautam Buddha- the Buddhism founder
- Kalki- yet to happen and the savior, and is like Christian Advent, which Madame Blavatsky believed Christians “undoubtedly copied from the Hindus.
The Puranas speak of the different manifestations or incarnations of the Deity in different epochs of the world history. The Hindu Avatar rises from the lowest scale of life through the fish, the tortoise, and the hog up to the perfection of humanity. Indian Avatarism is, indeed, a crude representation of the ascending scale of Divine creation. Such precisely is the modern theory of evolution.
*Here are numbering of Avatar are in incorrect manner, they are given from 10 to 1 but they are starting from 1 to 10.
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