Throughout the history of human civilization, people have domesticated and tamed animals to be their pets. The bond between human beings and their pets is something that is truly unique—one of loyalty, devotion, companionship, and love.
While the idea of acquiring a pet can be quite appealing, it can also be very overwhelming for many individuals. Pet ownership requires a lot of time, care, money, and responsibility. Not everyone is ready for this.
Remember—All Pets Deserve Love and Care
All pets require and deserve loving care and attention. People who are not able to provide that really should not consider pet ownership. Pet shelters are full of animals whose original owners were not prepared for the responsibility and commitment that pet ownership demands.
Dogs, cats, birds, and even fish have no place in this article; their care, needs, and maintenance can be constant, complicated, and intense. Nevertheless, there are certainly some pets that are easier to take care of than others.
Whatever pet you decide upon, always conduct proper research to ensure they are given the most comfortable and loving home possible.
The 10 Best Low-Maintenance Pets
The following list features 10 pets that can be cared for and loved, yet at the same time do not need (or in some cases want) the demanding caregiving some others require.
- Madagascar Hissing Cockroach
- Garden Snail
- African Dwarf Frog
- Leopard Gecko
- Guinea Pig
- Syrian Hamster
- Fancy Rat
- Fancy Mouse
- Hermit Crab
If you’re looking for a low-maintenance pet, it doesn’t get much easier than sea monkeys!
- Scientific Name: Artemia salina
- Average Adult Size: Up to 0.75 inches
- Average Life Span: 2 years
- Diet: Herbivore
- Average Monthly Cost: $0 (Your sea-monkey kit should include all the food they need!)
Sea-monkeys are extremely easy pets to care for. Once their tank is set up, your sea monkeys won’t require much care. Beyond feeding them once weekly and keeping an eye out for tank conditions and your pets’ general health, they don’t need much! For this reason, Artemia salina makes great pets for kids.
These pets are perfect for people who want to watch animals without really having to care for or interact with them. You won’t find an easier pet! Here’s an in-depth guide detailing how to grow sea monkeys from a kit.
Madagascar Hissing Cockroach
Madagascar hissing cockroaches may not be cuddly, but they make great pets!
- Scientific Name: Gromphadorhina portentosa
- Average Adult Size: Up to 3 inches long
- Average Life Span: 1–3 years with proper care
- Diet: Herbivore
- Average Monthly Cost: $0–$10 (If you give your cockroach your leftovers—all they need to eat is lettuce, apples, carrots, and the occasional overripe fruit—they are extremely low-cost pets!)
Undoubtedly, the majority of people would never consider having a cockroach for a pet. The very term conjures up visions of complete filth. However, hissing cockroaches are ideal for those looking for easy pets to care for.
They grow up to approximately four inches long and can be kept in an aquarium tank with proper ventilation as their habitat. Such a setup will take very little space and effort to create. The hissing cockroach is also quite simple to feed, and the food can be purchased from pet stores and supplemented with fresh fruit and certain greens.
Include some clean water in the tank and the hissing cockroach will not only be well cared for, but quite entertaining to watch and interact with as well. The best part is that it will hardly notice when you have to come home late from school or work!
Snails are rarely considered pets but are remarkably easy and rewarding to care for.
- Scientific Name: Helix aspersa
- Average Adult Size: 1.5 inches
- Average Life Span: 3–5 years
- Diet: Herbivore
- Average Monthly Cost: $0–$10 (If you give your cockroach your leftovers—all they need to eat is lettuce, apples, carrots, and the occasional overripe fruit—they are extremely low-cost pets!)
There can be little doubt that the name “snail” does not typically come to mind when people are considering which pet to get. Nevertheless, they are a great pet which are exceptionally easy to care for. While snails will respond well to being handled, they are also perfectly fine to be left alone in a tank habitat which has been properly prepared with hiding places and lined with peat or moss.
As for feeding, they obviously do not eat very much but can feed on fresh fruit or vegetables. They will require a source of calcium such as natural chalk. If given this basic and life-preserving care, the snail will make for a very low maintenance pet that will live on for many years to come.
Ensure Food Is Pesticide-Free
You must wash all food before feeding it to your snail, as many fresh fruits and veggies have pesticides on their skins that will kill your pet.
African Dwarf Frog
African dwarf frogs are a popular pet choice—they are entertaining to watch and easy to care for.
- Scientific Name: Hymenochirus curtipes
- Average Adult Size: 1.25 inches long
- Average Life Span: Up to 5 years with proper care
- Diet: Omnivore
- Average Monthly Cost: $7
African dwarf frogs are another very popular choice for a pet which is easy to care for. It should be noted however that like all other pets, investing time and research into how to properly care for them is mandatory. Once that is completed, a knowledgable owner will have a truly fascinating and low-maintenance pet.
That said, maintaining the habitat for the African dwarf frog is critical. They are aquatic amphibians who live underwater, but they need to be able to breach the surface to breathe air. The aquarium should be mid-size with clean, filtered water. Also, they are amphibians who do the best with a partner or two.
While the African dwarf frog is delicate and does not respond very well to handling, the viewing pleasure they provide more than compensates for this and makes them a wonderful pet. The following YouTube video provides many great care tips for those considering obtaining the African dwarf frog as a pet.
The leopard gecko is a low-maintenance pet that does a lot more than sell insurance!
- Scientific Name: Eublepharis macularius
- Average Adult Size: 6–9 inches long
- Average Life Span: 20+ years with proper care
- Diet: Insectivore
- Average Monthly Cost: $5–$20 after the first year
With the increasing desire to obtain pets that match the busy nature of our lives, many people have turned to lizards. In particular, the leopard gecko has become one of the most popular selections. There are a variety of geckos, but the most popular to keep as a pet is the leopard gecko. It is quite tame in nature and easy to be handled. It is also not anywhere near as quick as other types of geckos as they do not have the sticky toe pads that enable other types to run across virtually any surface.
Their food can be purchased at pet stores and consists of live insects and mealworms. As for their habitat, they are a smaller type of lizard, so their area can be much smaller than that of their relations. They can be enclosed in a cage called a vivarium. This will need to have plenty of hiding places as well as a very important climate control (heat and humidity). Here’s more about how to take care of your leopard gecko.
Everything which is required can be easily purchased and once it is set up it will only require typical care and periodic maintenance. Its tiny size and docile nature make the leopard gecko a very popular pet for those people with busy lives who need a pet that is easy to care for.
Guinea pigs are affectionate and easy to care for.
Scientific Name: Cavia porcellus
Average Adult Size: 8–11 inches long
Average Life Span: Up to 8 years with proper care
Average Monthly Cost: $40–$65 (Fresh bedding doesn’t come cheap!)
The Guinea pig is a very popular pet, mainly due to its gentle and affectionate nature. They are simply wonderful pets for children and adults alike. In a previous article about which pets are the most affectionate, the many loving traits and characteristics of the Guinea pig are outlined with actual examples.
More importantly for the sake of this article, it should be noted that they are also extremely simple to care for. They require a cage with a suitable habitat area with clean food, water, and ventilation. Their food can be easily purchased from local pet stores, and being little rodents, they do not consume very much.
As mentioned, they are also very affectionate and easy to handle. They respond well to gentle handling but certainly do not require as much attention as other pets such as dogs. Affectionate, cuddly, and easy to care for, guinea pigs have become very popular pets.
Hamsters are excellent pets and easy to care for.
- Scientific Name: Mesocricetus auratus
- Average Adult Size: 5–7 inches long
- Average Life Span: 3–4 years old
- Diet: Omnivore
- Average Monthly Cost: $50
Another excellent pet that is easy to care for is the Syrian hamster. It is actually a distant relative of the Guinea pig. While it does take a Syrian hamster longer to warm up to human handlers than Guinea pigs, they do eventually begin to crave such interaction. Once again, however, its need for handling and interaction is much less than that of many other pets.
The Syrian hamster is quite easy to care for. It only requires a cage with a habitat area, food, and water. You must clean the cage on a regular basis, but sometimes you may even forget they are there (except for in the middle of the night, as that is when they are the most active). Provide your hamster with love and affection and they will become a truly affectionate pet that requires minimal effort.
Fancy rats are cute, cuddly, affectionate, and easy-to-care-for pets.
- Scientific Name: Rattus norvegicus
- Average Adult Size: 8 inches long
- Average Life Span: Up to 5 years with proper care
- Diet: Omnivore
- Average Monthly Cost: $20–$35
Despite their historically entrenched bad reputation, rats are becoming very popular pets. The fancy rat in particular is a favorite due to its loving and friendly nature. They are also quite an easy pet to care for if they have a caring and responsible owner. All the necessary equipment—such as a cage, food, and toys—can be purchased from pet stores.
It should be noted that it is vitally important that their habitat area has proper ventilation and is cleaned on a regular basis. It is also important for pet rats to have a partner or two as they are very social animals. They will require exercise and time outside their cage, but for many people, this is what makes them such a great pet. They are very affectionate and easy to handle.
Great Resources for First-Time Rat Owners
How to Take Care of a Pet Rat: FAQs, Tips and Tricks
Rat Care for Beginners: How to Create the Perfect Rat Cage Setup
Just like fancy rats, fancy mice make for sweet and inquisitive pets.
- Scientific Name: Mus musculus
- Average Adult Size: 3 inches long
- Average Life Span: Up to 3 years with proper care
- Diet: Omnivore
- Average Monthly Cost: $35
Like rats, mice often get a bad rap, but they are actually very sweet and loving pets. They are very intelligent and make great companions for people who do not want a large pet. Mice, being nocturnal, are most active at night, but they can adjust to your schedule.
While pet mice can be handled, they are fragile and require a patient, gentle touch. They may nip when scared. For this reason, they are not the best pets for small children.
Mice are very social animals, so it is recommended you get more than one. They will happily play together and are very fun to watch, but you must be sure to introduce them properly. (Note, however, that you should get mice of the same sex, otherwise you will soon be dealing with a much larger family than you bargained for!)
For more information, here’s a complete guide to keeping fancy mice as pets.
Land hermit crabs make for great pets.
- Scientific Name: Coenobita spp
- Average Adult Size: 2–6 inches long, depending on species
- Average Life Span: Up to 20 years with proper care, depending on species
- Diet: Omnivore
- Average Monthly Cost: $6
Land hermit crabs are surprisingly inquisitive and social creatures, making them fun pets for people of all ages. They are generally non-aggressive and tolerate handling well, though they may pinch if threatened or scared.
Hermit crabs require a relatively small amount of living space and care; for example, whereas guinea pigs and hamsters need their bedding replaced once a week, the sand in the bottom of your hermit crabs’ enclosure only needs to be completely replaced three times a year (in addition to weekly poop-scooping). The initial set-up of their enclosures, however, is key.
These pets also act like little composts. In addition to their pellet food, you can feed them your kitchen scraps (even bits of meat and fish)—they’ll eat just about anything! That said, avoid feeding them garlic, onion, or citrus. Here’s a wealth of information about what to feed your hermit crab.
Note: It is recommended that you get at least two hermit crabs, as they are naturally social creatures.
Top 10 Most Beautiful Fishes In The World
Many of us can remember bringing home a goldfish and watching it swim around in its little fishbowl, mesmerized. Well, with all due respect to the beloved goldfish, the fish below can turn any simple aquarium into a spectacular display of colors and shapes, because these are some of the most beautiful fish in the world!
So here I have with me the list of top 10 most beautiful fishes in the world that will make you amazed in all possible ways.
The Clown Triggerfish is one of the most spectacular fish of its species, the family Balistidae because its body has a magnificent variety of spots in different colors such as black, yellow, white and light blue. This fish with bright yellow lips prefers to live alone in its territory, meaning that in the vicinity of other fish, especially fish smaller than it, it can be aggressive.
This fish is somewhat reminiscent of the parrot, because of its thick, prominent lips that resemble its beak. With its beak’s help, it nibbles on coral reefs, chews the little creatures inside and spits out the leftovers of the inedible corals, meaning the way it eats it isn’t so different from the colored bird. But this isn’t the most impressive thing about this fish, because the amazing colors that color it are what make it so beautiful.
It is not by chance that this fish has been named ‘Emperor of the Generation’ – this type is one of the most beautiful fish in the world thanks to the amazing color contrast on its body, which is composed of brilliant blues, dark blues and whites. But these colors don’t stay that way for its whole life. When the fish reaches adulthood, after about four years, the colors arranged in the rings around its body change and are replaced with strips of yellow and blue, and two back spots around its eyes.
The Picasso Triggerfish, a cousin of the Clown Triggerfish, is also present in the Gulf of Aqaba and other coral reefs along the Indian Ocean. This spectacular fish has an elliptical body shape, a large head and a particularly powerful mouth that is designed to break oysters and shells. Although fish are thought to have weak long-term memory, the Picasso and other fish belonging to the Balistidae family are intelligent fish that can remember and learn from past experiences!
Surprisingly, these impressive fish, with yellow scales that adorn their bodies, are edible and apparently are quite tasty, so in some countries you may find them for sale in the fish markets. These fish are found in the Western Atlantic Ocean, as well as in the Caribbean, along the coasts of Mexico and Brazil, and can grow up to 40 centimeters in length.
You probably recognize the Clownfish as the species that stars in the movie “Finding Nemo.” Although the colors most commonly associated with this fish are orange, white and black, there are other colors of Clownfish. The small fish, which usually grows up to eight centimeters long, travels in a school which at the top of its hierarchy sits the dominant female who is responsible for breeding.
The Zebrasoma are best known for their complementary and harmonic colors: the hypnotic blue-purple color on their bodies and the bright yellow color at the tip of their tails make them the world’s most sought-after and popular fish. However, these fish are also used as bait thanks to the strong scent they secrete, which attracts other fish.
These tiny and unique fish, decorated with long, curly fins, can be found only in one place in the world, in their natural habitat, namely the Banggai Islands of Indonesia. Because these fish are so beautiful and rare, they have become a very sought-after variety in the commercial fish market. Because of this, and because of the very small initial number of this species, these fish are in serious danger of extinction.
Of the Angel family, this species is the most colorful, and boasts many shades of blue and yellow, with its face, as its name suggests, colored blue. These fish are common in the waters of the Indian and Pacific Ocean, especially in the shallows, and their size is also considered to be relatively large among the nautical fish, with a length of 35 centimeters.
The Idol, with its body as thin as a CD, is common in the Indian Ocean and near Japan and South Africa. The Moorish fish received their name from the African Muslims, also known as Moors, who believed that these fish would spread happiness to everyone in their path. Their beauty has made them a sought-after species among ornamental fish enthusiasts, but because these fish are delicate and sensitive, many of them can’t survive and live longer in aquarium conditions.
These are the top 10 most beautiful varieties of fishes that you could probably fall in love at the very first encounter.
Top 10 Rabbit Breeds That Makes The Best Pets
Rabbits are adorable and sociable pets, and you will have fun watching them leap on your lap and stroking them. However, before you bring that rabbit home, you have to make sure that it is the right breed for your family. In this article, we have compiled a list of the 10 best rabbit breeds to help you make that choice.
You can easily spot a Himalayan Rabbit because of its unique dark markings on the ears, tail, and feet. The fur on its body is white, and the nose has an egg-shaped mark. It is medium sized, as it weighs 5lbs when fully grown. Because of its short fur, it cannot withstand the winter cold, so you should make arrangements to transfer it indoors during winter. The Himalayan is a gentle rabbit, and it’s very calm even when the kids handle it roughly.
The Hotot is a small breed with unique coloring, and they are famous for the dark coloring around the eyes and their all-white coat. Their ears are upright and they only weigh less than 3lbs; also they have a lifespan of 8 years. You can keep them in small cages because of their small size. When feeding them, make sure they don’t overeat.
One distinguishing feature about the Mini Lop is the large head and the long thick floppy ears. Also, it has a round body, and the fur is patterned in a variety of colors. They weigh 6lbs and they have no specific health concerns. The Mini Lop has a lifespan of 10 years, so you have to plan your finances to cater for this rabbit throughout its lifespan. This bunny is playful and cheerful, and it can also be trained.
The Netherland Dwarf is a small rabbit with small and short ears. They weigh 2.5lbs and they have a lifespan of 12 years. These bunnies are susceptible to malocclusion when young, that’s why proper feeding of the rabbit with fibrous feeds such as grasses and hay are recommended. When purchasing this bunny, look at the dental alignment first so that you don’t end up buying a rabbit with malocclusion.
The Lionhead is a crossbreed between the Swiss Fox and the Netherland Dwarf. The long fur around their ears resembles a lion mane, which makes it unique. It weighs 3.5lbs and has a lifespan of 10 years. The long hair needs to be groomed daily, as the fur can easily get tangled in objects as it runs around the house or outdoors. There are no specific health issues with this breed, other than the general illnesses of most rabbits. This bunny loves to be picked up and carried everywhere.
This bunny is a cross between the Netherland Dwarf and the French Angora. The heads are bold and square, which gives it a unique appearance. The ears are short and small, and they only weigh 2lbs due to their small size. They only need a small sized cage, and a lot of grooming, since they are wooly. That’s why they are at a higher risk of suffering from a wool block. The Jersey wooly bunny makes an excellent pet for cuddling, because of their wooly nature, in addition to their docile personality.
The Mini Satin has a shiny coat with many colors and patterns, and the shiny brown color is synonymous with this breed. The head and the body are round in shape, and it weighs 3.5lbs. Because of its small size, you can purchase a small cage or enclosure, which saves space if you live in a small apartment. No specific conditions are known to affect the Mini Satin rabbit breed.
You can easily spot this breed because unlike most rabbit breeds, the Mini Rex fur sticks out, as opposed to lying flat on the body. They have short necks, and the ears are long and erect. The fur is dense, and you can quickly feel the velvety undercoat. You will also notice that they have rounded backs, and they weigh 3.5lbs when fully grown. They are also extremely friendly and calm, and when they become familiar with the kids, they will follow them around to cuddle.
The Harlequins are known for their distinctive coatings and their broadheads. The body markings come in many colors and are either bars or bands. The ears are long and floppy, and they are more prominent as they weigh 9lbs when fully grown. The average lifespan of this bunny is seven years. Also, no specific health conditions are affecting this breed. This bunny likes socializing and playing, which makes it a great play companion for kids.
The Chinchilla is a cross between the Himalayans and the wild rabbits. They have a plump body, as they weigh 7lbs when fully grown. Also, they have short and soft fur, and the ears are erect. The Chinchilla is highly susceptible to ear mites, so you should always be on the look-out. They have a lifespan of 8 years.
This breed is famous as a pet breed because of its docile and calm nature, and the Chinchilla loves being cuddled.
So here we are at the end of exploring some of the best pet rabbit breeds that you might consider while you buy one for yourself.
Top 10 interesting facts about Australia that may surprise you!!!
Australia is a land of diversity, food, history and some well-loved weirdness! For a quick doze of some really crazy facts about Australia From venomous spiders to ski resorts and the invention of selfies, the Land Down Under is a truly peculiar part of Earth. Both kangaroos and emus lack the ability to walk backwards. For this reason, the Australian army features the animals on their uniforms. Canberra was selected Australia’s capital for the sole reason of resolving disputes between Sydney and Melbourne which had both wanted to be the country’s administrative center. Australia is the only continent in the world without an active volcano. The place is deadly enough already
The Australian Alps get more snow than the Swiss Alps
While many people visit Australia for its brilliant beaches and year-round sunshine, the Australian Alps, straddling New South Wales and Victoria, are a mecca for skiing enthusiasts. Snow usually falls between June and September, meaning Australia is the perfect place to get your skiing fix during the northern hemisphere summer.
Thredbo and Perisher are two large resorts near Canberra, the latter being the largest ski resort in the southern hemisphere. Blue Cow Mountain is one of the most popular areas, with a vast range of accommodation and runs as well as stunning views across the Alps.
90% of Australians live on the coast
The large deserts of central Australia mean that the vast majority of the population live on the shores of this enormous country. The large cities of Perth, Sydney and Melbourne are iconic places to visit, with buzzing centres and a multitude of beaches, from the sands of Bondi to the surf of Trigg. Outside of the major hubs, there are hundreds of smaller beach towns where you can appreciate Australia’s beautiful coastline.
Explore Port Macquarie in New South Wales and catch your own dinner or head up to Queensland and discover the parties of Airlie Beach. Australia’s island status means that there are thousands of surf towns and beaches to be found, so follow the masses and head to the coast.
Tasmania has the cleanest air in the world
The island of Tasmania is the ideal spot to experience the great outdoors – with air as clean as Antarctica, around one-third of the state is a national park or World Heritage protected. It is a walkers paradise, with trails and walkways winding over the whole island, where the coastal paths reveal impressive views over Wineglass Bay and the Bay of Fires.
If walking isn’t your cup of tea, enjoy kayaking, mountain biking and exploring the island’s caves. The wildlife is an extension of the unique animals of Australia, where the Eastern Quoll, now considered extinct on the mainland are commonly sighted in the fertile farmland of Tasmania.
The Great Barrier Reef is the largest eco-system in the world
The Great Barrier Reef is the pride and joy of Australia, made up of nearly 2,500 individual reefs and visible from space. It stretched halfway down the eastern coast of the country, meaning there are plenty of places to use as jumping-off points to explore the kaleidoscopic coral.
Cairns is the most famous city to begin a trip out to the reef but Townsville, Port Douglas and Airlie Beach all have great beaches and various tours that can take you out to enjoy the reef. Snorkelling and diving amongst the colorful fish and turtles that make the Great Barrier Reef their home is sure to be a highlight of any trip to Australia.
Australia has over 60 separate wine regions
You can’t go to Australia and not try the wine! With such a huge variety of wine regions, it’s hard to choose between them. The majority of the wine regions are in New South Wales and Victoria so if you fancy discovering a few of them a road trip between Sydney and Melbourne would be a great way to go about it.
Take your time to explore the Southern Highlands, Tumbarumba and Alpine Valleys, one of the most picturesque wine regions in Australia, yielding wine from a variety of grapes, from Sauvignon Vert to Chardonnay. Western Australia also has a number of vineyards that are all reachable from Perth, a great trip out of the city to enjoy the wine regions of Australia.
Fraser Island is the largest sand island in the world
The sandy shores of Fraser Island are a highlight of any trip to Queensland. Hervey Bay is the jumping-off point for exploring the island, so hop on a boat and discover the delights of this island paradise – the clear blue waters of Lake MacKenzie surrounded by the white sand shore and the serenity of Champagne Pools, where you can swim in the shallow pools at the edge of the ocean. There are 150 dingoes on the island so it is a great opportunity to spot one of Australia’s famous wild dogs but keep your distance as they are wild animals and can be aggressive if approached.
Indian Pacific train has the longest straight section of train track in the world
Australia boasts a number of spectacular rail journeys. Between Sydney and Perth lies the Indian Pacific, the railway that snakes its way across the country through the stunning Blue Mountains into the outback towards the mountainous Flinders Ranges.
Stopping off in Adelaide is a must – enjoy gourmet food, art museums and the wide-open spaces of the city. Moving off again takes you across the Nullabor Plain where the straight section occurs before sweeping through the fertile Avon Valley and into Perth. Riding the Indian Pacific is a wonderful way of seeing the varied landscapes of Australia whilst enjoying the luxury services of the train.
The Great Ocean Road is the world’s largest war memorial
The Great Ocean Road is one of the most famous drives in Australia, with stunning views and scenic vistas along the route. Built by returning soldiers after World War One, the road was dedicated as a memorial to those who died fighting and was designed to connect the isolated communities that clung to the edge of Victoria’s rugged coastline.
The Twelve Apostles are the famous sight on this winding route but the Split Point Lighthouse, the charming towns of Port Fairy and the surf coast of Apollo Bay are equally beautiful places to visit. Between June and September, you can spot Southern Right Whales along the coast where they come to migrate in the winter months. The road stretches between Torquay and Allansford, ideal as a surface sector road trip between Melbourne and Adelaide.
80% of the animals are unique to Australia
The animals of Australia are some of the most interesting in the world, from cuddly marsupials to a huge variety of birds. There are so many opportunities to experience the wildlife of the country, from zoos and parks to spotting these unique creatures in the wild.
It is easy to spot kangaroos in the fields and farmland of New South Wales but koalas and platypuses are a little more elusive so if you want to see them in the wild, having a guide show you the spots where they often hide can be very useful. Sydney Wildlife World in the center of the city is a great place to spot anything you miss.
2.5 km of Uluru is underground
The vast rock of Uluru sits in the red centre of Australia, surrounded by scrubland and sacred to various Aboriginal tribes in the area. It is one of the few places on the earth to be listed twice as a UNESCO World Heritage site, both on the cultural and natural lists. Amazingly around 2.5km of the rock is thought to be underground connected to the Olgas, where the rock emerges again 16 miles away.
Experiencing Uluru at sunset is the best way to appreciate its stark beauty and after dark, the pitch-black skies reveal a multitude of sparkling stars. It is easy to visit Uluru from Alice Springs, reachable by plane or as a stop on the Ghan, the railway from Adelaide to Darwin.
Top 10 the Most Venomous Snake Species in the World
“What is the most venomous snake in the world?” That’s a question that just about every outdoors person has either asked or certainly wondered. Snakes are highly effective predators, and some species that rely on venom for hunting and self-defense can deliver a bite toxic enough to kill animals many times their size. The bite of a king cobra, for instance, can kill an elephant. Yet, despite the fear of snakes that has such a deep hold on the human psyche, the critters aren’t out to get us. “ Snake doesn’t attack people,” says Luke Welton, collection manager in herpetology at the Kansas University Biodiversity Institute and Natural History Museum. “They are most often startled or put in a situation where they feel the need to defend themselves, and they do so by the only means they have available—escape, musk, bite. It just so happens that the means these snakes have is venom.”
Eastern Coral Snake – Micurus fulvius –
Red touches black, a friend of Jack. Red touches yellow, kill a fellow. That’s the rhyme millions of schoolchildren learned to warn them that the eastern coral snake is best left alone. Ranging throughout the southeastern and Gulf coasts in the United States, the coral preys primarily on reptiles, including other snakes. One of the few terrestrial venomous snakes in the United States with fixed, hollow fangs, it’s even less prone to confrontation than the copperhead, making it America’s least aggressive venomous snake. It’s also a prime example of an evolutionary strategy known as Batesian mimicry: A harmless mimic (in this case, several species of milk snakes) takes on the physical appearance of a noxious model (the eastern coral snake) to protect itself from predators that have evolved to steer clear of red and yellow snakes.
Blue-Lipped Sea Krait – Laticauda laticaudata –
Found near coral reefs and rocky areas along the seashores of southeast Asia, this vibrantly colored 4-foot long serpent was the first venomous sea snake known to science, described by Linnaeus, the father of taxonomy, in his classic 1735 treatise, Systema Naturae. Blue-lipped kraits, docile and slow to bite, inject a venom dominated by postsynaptic neurotoxins that causes little or no local effects but can lead to paralysis, muscle damage, or bleeding within hours. The snakes are known for their unique strategy for keeping warm—by curling up in nesting burrows created by wedge-tailed shearwaters. Research shows the snakes use the body heat generated by the shorebirds to raise their own temperatures by 10 degrees.
Many-Banded Krait – Bungarus multicinctus
In southeast Asia, where the most toxic snakes are sea dwellers, the many-banded krait stands out as a deadly terrestrial species. A nocturnal hunter in lowland marshy areas that prey primarily on fish, the krait is also known to eat lizards, frogs, eels, rodents, and other snakes—including members of its own species. The extremely powerful venom, composed mainly of neurotoxins, has been estimated to produce mortality rates as high as 70 to 100 percent. In 2001, herpetologist Joe Slowinski died 29 hours after being bitten by a krait that had been misidentified as the white-banded wolf snake, a harmless krait lookalike.
Common Yellow-Lipped Sea Krait – Laticauda Colubrina –
Sharing the same geographic range as the olive-brown and Belcher’s sea snakes, the common yellow-lipped sea krait is one of the few sea snakes that come ashore, which can make a moonlight stroll along a southeast Asian beach potentially perilous. “I’ve been to parts of Indonesia where it’s not uncommon on a good night to see 10 to 20 on the same stretch of beach,” Welton says. Relatively docile in water, they’re even less aggressive on land, because their movements are much more deliberate and awkward. “Most people who get bitten by these snakes likely step on them because they’re not watching where they’re walking.”
Olive Brown Sea Snake – Aipysurus laevis
The most common sea snake on the northern Australian coast, the olive-brown can grow to 6 ½ feet long and can spend two hours underwater before it needs to surface for a breath. Found as deep as 230 feet, this snake more commonly prefers shallow reef flats, where it preys on fish, crabs, and prawns. Like most sea snakes, it has a paddle tail that helps it swim, but the olive brown’s tail also has light-sensitive photoreceptors, which are thought to enable the snake to stay completely hidden to avoid predators. Unlike rattlesnakes and other vipers, whose venom is primarily hemotoxic (causing severe tissue damage and internal bleeding), sea-snake venom is dominated by neuron toxins: A bite often causes little pain at the site but can cause massive systemic failures, including paralysis and respiratory collapse—often with a delayed onset that makes poisonings difficult to reverse even when antivenom is available. The snake’s preference for hunting the same night-feeding fish targeted by bottom trawlers makes it a potential hazard for fishermen hauling nets.
Common Death Adder – Acanthophis antarcticus
The common death adder is one of the deadliest snakes in Australia. But while fearsomely named, this snake annually causes fewer deaths Down Under than a wide range of animals—including kangaroos, bees, dogs, cattle, and ponies. Considered a master of camouflage, this ambush predator covers itself with leaf litter and debris, then lies in wait on the forest floor for small mammals, birds, and amphibians, using its tail—which resembles a grub—as a lure. Curiously, the snake’s appetite for amphibians is making it a lot less common: Adult death adders feed on the invasive cane toad, which is itself toxic, with poison glands that are deadly to the snakes and other reptiles, such as turtles and crocodiles, that feed on them.
Belcher’s Sea Snake – Hydrophis belcheri –
Like the other three sea snakes on this list, the Belcher’s sea snake is found from the eastern Indian Ocean through southeast Asia and into northern coastal Australia. The species tend to stick to reef areas, where they prey on fish and go out of their way to avoid human reef divers and snorkelers. “All the sea snakes are relatively docile,” Welton says, “and you really have to pester them to get them to bite you.” In addition, the Belcher’s small mouth and short fangs mean any bite is unlikely to penetrate a wetsuit. If you do encounter one while snorkeling, Welton adds, “Appreciate it as a rare opportunity to see one in the wild, rather than a cause for fear. Unless you mess with it, it’s not going to mess with you.”
Copperhead – Agkistrodon contortrix –
America’s most common venomous snake (and the source of more snakebites in the U.S. than any other venomous species), the copperhead can be found all across eastern and southern North America in a wide diversity of habitat ranging from uplands to woodlands to grasslands. The copperhead is a surprising entrant on this list, given its reputation for many bites and few fatalities. That might be explained by the relatively low volume of venom delivered in a typical strike. Young copperheads are wily hunters, wiggling their green-tipped tails to lure in small lizards and rodents. The neon tail tip disappears as they age. In confrontations with people, copperheads generally favor flight over fight
Russell’s Viper – Daboia russelii –
A notoriously bad-tempered snake, Russell’s viper is responsible for roughly half of the fatal snakebites in its geographic range. That’s remarkable considering that its expansive distribution—from southeast Asia to the Indian subcontinent and east to Taiwan—overlaps with kraits, cobras, and several other noteworthy venomous snakes. The snake’s cranky disposition and its focus on rats and lizards (which often live close to humans) as favored prey might account for this lethality. Another contributing factor is the extreme complexity of the snake’s venom. “A Russell’s venom features a really unique cocktail of components that just hammers all parts of the body,” Welton says. “It’s definitely not a snake you want to tangle with.”
Timber Rattlesnake – Crotalus horridus –
Ranging from eastern North America to as far west as Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas, the timber rattlesnake is the only rattler species in the populous northeastern United States and is considered endangered or threatened throughout much of that region. Found mostly in woodlands, timber rattlers prey on rodents, birds, insects, and amphibians and are known to hunt during the daytime in spring and autumn, then switching to nocturnal hunts in warm weather. The snake’s highly toxic, and relatively complex, venom, long fangs, and high venom yield make it potentially one of America’s most lethal serpents. However, timber rattlers are generally considered shy and nervous and are quick to seek shelter when encountered afield. The species tends to rattle and feint extensively before striking, though it will stand its ground if harassed.
Top 10 Dangerous Animals In The World
The wildlife consists of various and unique animals and other organisms. Some of them are friendly and cute while some of them can be very dangerous and poisonous. So here is the list of the top 10 dangerous animals from the wild. Cause we all have that animal inside us. Don’t we?
Golden Poison Frog
The golden poison frog is also known as the golden frog, golden poison arrow frog, or golden dart frog, is a poison dart frog endemic to the Pacific coast of Colombia. The optimal habitat of P. terribilis is the rainforest with high rain rates (5 m or more per year), altitudes from sea level to 200 m elevation, temperatures of at least 26 °C, and relative humidity of 80–90%. In the wild, P. terribilis is largely solitary and territorial; however, captive P. terribilis specimens can live in much larger groups. They may appear innocuous due to their small size and bright color, but wild frogs are lethally toxic.
The Komodo dragon, also known as the Komodo monitor, is a member of the monitor lizard family Varanidae that is endemic to the Indonesian islands of Komodo, Rinca, Flores, and Gili Motang. It is the largest extant species of lizard, growing to a maximum length of 3 meters (10 ft), and weighing up to approximately 70 kilograms (150 lb).
Hyenas, or hyaenas, are feliform carnivoran mammals of the family Hyaenidae. With only four extant species (in three genera), it is the fifth-smallest biological family in the Carnivora and one of the smallest in the class Mammalia. Despite their low diversity, hyenas are unique and vital components of most African ecosystems.
An alligator is a crocodilian in the genus Alligator of the family Alligatoridae. The two extant species are the American alligator and the Chinese alligator. Additionally, several extinct species of alligators are known from fossil remains. Alligators first appeared during the Oligocene epoch about 37 million years ago.
The wolf, also known as the gray wolf or grey wolf, is a large canine native to Eurasia and North America. More than thirty subspecies of Canis lupus have been recognized, and gray wolves, as colloquially understood, comprise non-domestic/feral subspecies. The wolf is the largest extant member of Canidae, males averaging 40 kg (88 lb) and females 37 kg (82 lb). Wolves measure 105–160 cm (41–63 in) in length and 80–85 cm (31–33 in) at shoulder height. The wolf is also distinguished from other Canis species by its less pointed ears and muzzle, as well as a shorter torso and a longer tail.
Sharks are a group of elasmobranch fish characterized by a cartilaginous skeleton, five to seven-gill slits on the sides of the head, and pectoral fins that are not fused to the head. Modern sharks are classified within the clade Selachimorpha and are the sister group to the rays. However, the term “shark” has also been used for extinct members of the subclass Elasmobranchii outside the Selachimorpha, such as Cladoselache and Xenacanthus, as well as other Chondrichthyes such as the holocephalid eugenedontidans.
The tiger is the largest living cat species and a member of the genus Panthera. It is most recognizable for its dark vertical stripes on orange-brown fur with a lighter underside. It is an apex predator, primarily preying on ungulates such as deer and wild boar. It is territorial and generally a solitary but social predator, requiring large contiguous areas of habitat, which support its requirements for prey and rearing of its offspring. Tiger cubs stay with their mother for about two years, before they become independent and leave their mother’s home range to establish their own.
Scorpions are predatory arachnids of the order Scorpiones. They have eight legs and are easily recognized by a pair of grasping pincers and a narrow, segmented tail, often carried in a characteristic forward curve over the back and always ending with a stinger. The evolutionary history of scorpions goes back 435 million years. They mainly live in deserts but have adapted to a wide range of environmental conditions, and can be found on all continents except Antarctica. There are over 2,500 described species, with 22 extant (living) families recognized to date. Their taxonomy is being revised to account for 21st-century genomic studies.
Crocodiles or true crocodiles are large semiaquatic reptiles that live throughout the tropics in Africa, Asia, the Americas, and Australia. Crocodylinae, all of whose members are considered true crocodiles, is classified as a biological subfamily. A broader sense of the term crocodile, Crocodylidae, is not used in this article. The term crocodile here applies to only the species within the subfamily of Crocodylinae.
The lion is a species in the family Felidae and a member of the genus Panthera. It has a muscular, deep-chested body, short, rounded head, round ears, and a hairy tuft at the end of its tail. It is sexually dimorphic; adult male lions have a prominent mane. With a typical head-to-body length of 184–208 cm (72–82 in) they are larger than females at 160–184 cm (63–72 in). It is a social species, forming groups called pride.
So this was the list of the top 10 dangerous animals from the wild. If you liked this then read various other lists by clicking here.
Top 10 Evidence Nature Surprised Every Time
Where does the most incredible evidence come from? No, it’s not past events or the human body; instead, it’s mother nature. There are a lot of strange facts because it is made up of so many different animals and plants. We’d like to share some of the strangest animal information with you in this article. So, at the very least, remember one of them so you can brag about your experience. Believe it or not, the blue whale, the world’s largest dolphin, will produce a fart bubble large enough to fit a horse inside. Also, we’re sure you didn’t know that a female wallaby would chuck her joey from her pouch while fleeing a predator in order to lose weight and give her pursuer something to snack on. Did you know that an armadillo’s armour is so thick that a bullet once bounced off it and struck the shooter?
More strange and wonderful animal details can be found by scrolling down.
Arcadia trees, which can be found in the African savannah, have an unusual defensive mechanism. When animals such as antelopes eat the tree’s leaves, the tannin intake rises to dangerous levels for the animals.
That’s not everything, though. The tree then releases a cloud of ethylene gas, which passes through the air and reaches other plants, causing them to produce more tannins as well.
Goats have accents
Though goats don’t have their own language, researchers at the Queen Mary University of London discovered that they can pick up accents from one another.
African buffalo herds make decisions by voting
Democracy, it seems, is not limited to mankind. African buffalo herds, for example, are known to vote on which way they will head.
Adult females in the herd will stand up one by one, look in a specific direction, and then lie back down. The herd almost always heads in the direction that attracts the most attention. When there is a lot of disagreement about how to vote, the herd will always break up.
Saturn Could Float on Water
Buoyancy has little to do with size. Take, for example, a massive iceberg. It will float on top of the water because it is less dense than the water underneath it. Gas, like water, has a much lower density than liquid. Saturn, despite being the second-largest planet in our solar system, could float in water because it is almost entirely made up of gas and ice.
Hurricanes release the energy of 10,000 nuclear bombs.
A single mature hurricane will equal around half of our planet’s ability to produce electricity if measured solely by its wind velocity’s kinetic energy. In terms of rainfall, a hurricane, on the other hand, unleashes the power of 10,000 atomic bombs over a 413-mile-wide field. The difference is that instead of radiating from a single spot, the energy is spread out over the entire field. Still, like many Floridians, Texans, Louisianans, and North Carolinians know, too much sustained force can do a lot of harm.
Tigers never forgets.
Tigers can and will take revenge on those who have wronged them. They are one of the most vengeful aminal species on the planet.
One of the elephant’s closest living relatives weighs 10 pounds.
Only a few areas of Africa and the Middle East are home to the fuzzy rock hyrax. It has an extraordinary relative, the elephant, despite its unremarkable appearance. The parallels between these 10-pound animals and a 10,000-pound elephant must be examined closely. The rock hyrax, on the other hand, has tusk-like long front teeth.
Our DNA can never be fired
Your DNA is truly remarkable in that it encodes your entire body’s blueprint using just four characters (amino acids). Not just that, but there’s more. As concentrated genetic material is applied to the outside surface of cotton cloth, the DNA becomes flame retardant. DNA appears to be made up of molecules that are identical to those used in other fireproofing materials.
Glass is neither a liquid nor a solid
Glass is an amorphous substance that lacks the rigid structure of a truly solid and is not, contrary to popular belief, a supercooled liquid. It’s a cross between the two. Keep that in mind. Blown away.!
Slow lorises are the only venomous primate
The slow loris is a tiny, monkey-like creature with big round eyes that can only be found in Southeast Asia. They also have the distinction of being the only primate with a venomous bite in the animal kingdom. They lick a toxin-producing gland under their arm before using their teeth to ward off predators.
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- Top 10 things to know about accounting practices
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- Top 10 Benefits of Onion
- TOP 10 BEST PLACES TO VISIT IN SEOUL
- TOP 10 BENEFITS OF PEEPAL TREE
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- TOP 10 CLEANEST CITY IN INDIA
- TOP 10 LARGEST MALLS IN INDIA
- TOP 10 DANGEROUS DOGS
- 10 Foods with Low Calories