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Top 10 Most Spoken Languages over the Globe

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Roughly 7,117 languages are spoken all over the world which is impossible to learn every language so we used to speak language depending upon where we are living. Then there comes the role of most spoken languages in the world.

People speak some language to communicate with each other for daily discussion and they understand people’s spoken language only when each other speak the same language.

Every country has its own official language so their people can communicate with each other only by their official language, which language makes the official language decided by the government by seeing which language the majority of people speak.

If we want to go to other countries we have to know their language so to go there we need to learn their language first. We all know that English is the universal language but due to the less literacy rate quite many countries, people didn’t know the English language.

English is the universal language so we write all the articles in the English language.

Here, we have make the list of the top 10 most spoken languages in the world 2021 so that you brilliant visitors have no dilemma which language is widely spoken.

Indonesian (199.0 million speakers)-

Indonesian is an Austronesian language that is the official language of Indonesia and the official language of Indonesia and ASEAN.

Indonesian language didn’t exist until 1928 along with its standardized version of Malay and considered as a separate language only for political purposes.

Over 199.0 million speakers are fluent speakers of Indonesian but only 20 million of them actually use it as their first language which means most Indonesian speakers are more likely multilingual. Indonesian has a simple language structure which makes it easy to write and pronounce also to learn.

There are over 43 million native speakers of the Indonesian language and the writing system of Indonesian is Latin(Indonesian alphabet) and Indonesian Braille.

There are some words in Indonesian that are borrowed from Sanskrit, Arabic, Dutch, English, and the local language which are innumerable commonly used.

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Indonesian

Portuguese (252.2 million speakers)-

The Portuguese language is a Western Romance language originating in the Iberian Peninsula of Europe and it is mainly spoken in Portugal, Cape, Verdean Creole, and Papiamento.

Portuguese is the official language of 9 countries like Brazil, Angola, Portugal, East Timor, Macau, and so on. The majority of Portuguese speakers are not from Portugal which is only 5% of Portuguese speakers live in Portugal.

English borrowed several Portuguese words such as embarrassing, cobra, fetish, etc. and each verb tense of Portuguese language has six different endings. Before 2009 the letters ‘k’, ‘y’, and ‘w’ were not part of the Portuguese Alphabet but later added in the Alphabet in January 2009.

Portuguese is very similar to Spanish so Portuguese speaking people can understand Spanish easily. Hundreds of words from the Portuguese language are derived from Arabic and 15% of Uruguay’s population speaks Portuguese.

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Portugues.

Russian (258.0 million speakers)-

The Russian language is an East Slavic language which is the family of Indo-European languages and official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and so on.

It is widely used in Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus, and Central Asia.

The Russian Language is the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 26 December 1991. It is mostly spoken in Israel and Mongolia. It is the largest native language in the Europe Continent which makes over 144 million native speakers.

The Russian language is considered as the 7th most spoken languages in the world by native speakers. It is the sixth official language of the United Nations and the second most widespread language on the internet after English.

Some of the English words borrowed from the Russian language such as knout, kadet, glasnost, vodka, and so on. Foreign astronauts must speak the Russian language because in the event of emergency instructions are given to astronauts in Russian.

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Russian passport in hand

 Bengali (265.2 million speakers)-

Bengali is an Indo-Aryan language mainly spoken by the Bengalis in South Asia mainly in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent. It is spoken majorly in the country of Bangladesh and in the states of West Bengal, Tripura, and Assam in India.

Bangladesh and Sierra Leone are the two countries that use Bengali as the official language. Bengali speaking people do not live in Sierra Leone but Bengali is the official language of Sierra Leone for the status in recognition of the Bangladeshi peacekeeping force to restore the peace of that region.

The International Mother Language day is based on the Bengali Language which is recognized by UNESCO on 21 February 1999 for the recognition of the language.

Bengali has developed over the course of more than 1,300 years ago and in 1956 there is the Bengali language movement demanding Bengali to be an official language of Pakistan. The Grammar of the Bengali language is gender-free which is quite an interesting fact.

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Happy New Year in Bengali

Arabic (274.0 million speakers)-

Arabic is a term used mostly by the western linguists and over 274.0 million speakers all around the world.

Over 22 countries have Arabic as the official language such as Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Sudan, Libya and so on.

There are a few words in Arabic that sound like that don’t exist in other languages such as ‘ح’ etc. The number system used today was introduced to Europeans by Arab merchants and there are many English words that are of Arabic origin like alcohol, algebra, algorithm, alkaline, candy, coffee, cotton, ghoul, hazard, lemon, and so on.

There are two Arabic forms of classical Arabic and Modern Standard Arabic(MSA) within which Modern standard Arabic is the official language of all Arab League countries along with most printed Arab league-like books, newspapers written in MSA. The algebraic letter ‘X’ that represents an unknown number originates from the Arabic word ‘shay’.

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Arabic alphabet

French (276.6 million speakers)-

French is also a Romance language of the Indo-European family and over 76.8 million worldwide native speakers. The birth of the French language is in Gaul and more specifically from Northern Gaul.

About 45% of modern English words are of French origin and it is one of the easiest languages for English speakers to learn.

Over 29 countries people spoke French as the official language such as Belgium, Benin, Burundi, Canada, France, Niger, Switzerland Togo, and so on.

French is also considered an influential language in the diplomatic world along with English. It is accepted by many international institutions like the United Nations, the Red Cross, the European Union, the International Olympic Committee, etc, and international courts that use French as one of their official languages.

There are no genuinely French words that use the letter “w” and the most common letter in French is “E”. There are some common English words used in the french language like a cafe, bourgeois, deja vu, and so on.

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French Quote

Spanish (537.9 million speakers)-

The Spanish Language is a beautiful Romance language which was originated from the Iberian peninsula of Europe and mainly spoken in Spain along with the Americas.

Over 483 million native speakers make it the second most spoken native language and with 537.9 million speakers it is in the 4th most spoken languages in the world 2021 list.

There are 21 countries that have Spanish as the official language mainly across Europe, Africa, Central, South, and North America. Spanish has two names Castellano which is the Spanish word for Castilian and Español.

Spanish has also borrowed some words from English like the siesta, tapas, cava, and tortilla however there is a big difference between English and Spanish language.

Spain has always been popular for travel and foreign study destination so schools and universities studying Spanish have also grown in popularity. Most Spanish speakers are in Hispanic America and the third most spoken languages in the world after English and Chinese.

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Do you speak Spanish? written in Spanish.

Hindi (637.3 million speakers)- 

Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language that originated from India and over 637.3 people speak the Hindi language. Hindi is mostly influenced by Sanskrit and named after the Persian word “hind”.

The English language has borrowed some words from Hindi like avatar, bandanna, bungalow, guru, jungle, karma, loot, mantra, shampoo, typhoon, Yoga, and so on. Each letter of the Hindi alphabet has its own distinct and independent sound.

The Hindi language has a wide range of speakers and the majority of Hindi speakers are found in India, Nepal, Trinidad, Tobago, Suriname, Guyana, Mauritius, Fiji, and several other countries along with the United States and the United Kingdom.

It was standardized in the 19th century along with Urdu and has many similarities in these two languages. It uses the Devanagari script that was patterned on the Brahmi script which was developed between the 1st and 4th centuries.

The alphabetical table of Hindi is called Varnmala or the garland of letters and there are 11 vowels and 33 consonants in the Hindi language.

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Creative Hindi alphabet texture on an India county map

 Mandarin Chinese (1.120 billion speakers)- 

Mandarin is a group of Sinitic (Chinese) languages that was mostly spoken in Northern and Southwestern China. Over 1.120 billion speak Mandarin Chinese which mainly originated in north China.

Mandarin Chinese is in the first position in terms of the native speakers and in the second position in the most spoken languages in the world 2021.

Mandarin Chinese is the official language of mainland China, Singapore and Taiwan, also one of the working languages of the United Nations.

Mandarin is the tonal language that means the meaning of a word changes based on the way we pronounce it. It consists of 50,000 different characters which make it one of the most complex language to learn also. Mandarin started developing 1,000 years ago and it is one of the several Chinese dialects.

Until 1955 it was written in vertical columns, going from right to left but now the People’s Republic of China has Westernized the written language so it is written left to right, horizontally.

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Chinese characters background

English ( 1.268 billion speakers) –

The English Language is the most spoken languages in the world with over 1.268 billion total speakers. It is a West Germanic language which was first spoken in early medieval England and mostly associated with German, Low Saxon, and Frisian.

It is widely spoken in some areas of South Asia, Africa and the Caribbean along with English speakers are called “Anglophones”. Over 67 countries and 27 non-sovereign entities speak the English language as the official language.

The English language is not only spoken widely in the land which means English is the official language of the sky that indicates all pilots have to speak and identify themselves in English.

It is the leading language of international discourse and speaking in professional contexts like navigation, science, and law. English is one of the most spoken languages in the world so tourists try to learn English as a compulsory language so they can communicate with people from all over the world.

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English.

I am undergraduate pharmacy student yet I am preparing for IELTS so I have fluency and writing practices in English. I would definitely complete my task to achieve something more.

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Top 10 Richest Countries over the Globe 2021

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Qatar, Richest Country in the World

What are the top 10 richest countries in the world? Qatar has consistently come out on top of the list in recent years. For many of us, this question almost automatically brings to mind economic powerhouses such as the United States and China. This may be true if one is to use the gross domestic product (GDP) as the basis for measuring national wealth. However, size is of no consequence, and national revenue no longer a reliable basis by which to classify whether a country is rich or poor.

Experts have found that a far more accurate alternative is to look at each nation’s data on GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity. To put it simply, a country’s wealth should be measured by the totality of all goods and services (excluding revenue and investments from overseas), taking into account a country’s population. So in the case of Qatar, which remains the richest country in the world today, its GDP per capita of $129,360 represents the annual income of the average Qatari.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is known for issuing biannual reports on the economic performance of the world’s richest nations based on their GDP per capita. It likewise makes use of PPP capita as an additional basis for its report. Essentially, PPP makes a just comparison of living conditions among different countries by taking into consideration inflation rates and the relative cost of living.

Traditional economic powers have ceased to become the wealthiest nations in the world. Although GDPs have been increasing at breakneck speed, the distribution of wealth has yet to undergo radical changes. Here, we list the top 10 richest countries in the world.

Hong-Kong –

Hong-Kong

Hong-Kong

This former colony of Great Britain is now a special administrative region of China, which begs the question: is it an independent country? This is apparently the case as the whole world in general treats it as one. It is one of Asia’s financial hubs, ranking no. 4 out of the world’s 190 economies in the Ease of Doing Business index that the World Bank periodically compiles. A popular destination for startups, Hong Kong is open to foreigners owning 100% of their businesses despite the absence of citizenship. It is also home to the largest number of ultra-high net worth ($30 million at the least) people in the world.

Kuwait –

Kuwait

Kuwait

Ninth in our top 10 richest countries in the world list, this small Arab nation is known for having a petroleum-based economy with petroleum-based products accounting for 95 percent of its exports. It, therefore, does not come as a surprise that Kuwait’s GDP per capita has reached $66,980, spiking by 1.9 percent from the previous year. The country is not only the ninth richest in the world, but is also one of the wealthiest among Gulf Cooperation Council member states, second only to Qatar. But the fact that the country sits on around 10 percent of the world’s petroleum reserves has not kept it from exploring other revenue sources. In fact, it has been seeking to diversify into other potential income sources in preparation for the future.

the United Arab Emirates (UAE) –

the United Arab Emirates (UAE)

the United Arab Emirates (UAE)

Another Middle Eastern country that relies heavily on petroleum revenues, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) also benefits from income derived from its telecommunications and services sectors. It does not rest on its laurels despite being among the world’s most wealthy nations. It has been diversifying its income sources, betting on industries that have high-yield potential. This move has immensely benefited the national economy, with the tourist trade helping the economy through the 2007-2009 world financial crisis. Sound economic policy has indeed been sustaining the UAE, resulting in a 2.4 percent increase in its GDP per capita, which now stands at $70,262.

Norway –

Norway

Norway

A prominent country in Scandinavia, Norway is gifted with both beauty and charm, not to mention a rich economy. In fact, its GDP per capita has expanded by 3.1 percent in 2018, reaching a staggering $74,318. Industrialization has greatly contributed to the country’s economic growth, with activities such as natural resources and petroleum exploration, and fishing contributing in bulk to the economy. Known for its impeccable living standards, Norway’s monetary policy is of an independent nature, which has apparently been working to its advantage given its high productivity, state-sponsored healthcare, and negligible unemployment rate.

Ireland –

Ireland

Ireland

The land is known for weaning great writers and its lovely tourist spots, Ireland has evolved into one of the most affluent nations in the world. It has one of the highest living standards worldwide thanks to its robust economy, which is primarily driven by trade and investment specifically. Ireland’s GDP per capita has increased by 6.1 percent, reaching $77.670. Despite peaking in 2008, Ireland’s economic growth remains the envy of other countries. The entry of foreign investors like Microsoft, Google, and Apple has transformed the country into an exporter of medical, electrical, and computer equipment. Also contributing to its economic growth are its pharmaceutical and chemical industries, along with natural resources such as fisheries, minerals, and timber.

Brunei Darussalam –

Brunei Darussalam

Brunei Darussalam

This small Southeast Asian nation is populated by only 400,000 people. But don’t let its size fool you. Brunei Darussalam has consistently made it to the top 10 richest countries in the world in recent years. This year, the country holds the no. 5 spots with a GDP per capita of $81,612, up 3.1 percent from 2017. This robust Southeast Asian economy is heavily dependent on its oil and natural gas production, which supports more than half of its GDP. This is further reinforced with income from its investments overseas and local production. Brunei, however, is starting to diversify its economy by investing in other sectors. The strong economy is reflected in the government’s subsidy of food and housing and the provision of free healthcare to its people.

Singapore –

Singapore

Singapore

This cosmopolitan city-state of 5.612 million people is known as the wealthiest nation in Asia and by far, fourth in the whole world with a GDP per capita of $98, 255, a 4.4 percent increase from 2017. Despite its minuscule size, lack of natural resources, and agricultural land, it has managed to amass wealth that other countries only dream of. Today, Singapore’s economy continues to grow, driven primarily by foreign investments and trade. The largest economic sectors include banking, shipbuilding, and electronics. Dubbed as the most expensive country in the world, Singapore has been living up to its reputation as its economy expanded by 3.9 percent during the second quarter of 2018 alone. Much of this has been attributed to the country’s liberal economic policy and multicultural economy. Although the financial services sector remains the backbone of the country’s economy, its services and manufacturing industries have consistently contributed to its economic standing.

Luxembourg –

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

This small European nation is known for its majestic castles, delectable cuisines, and being the last Grand Duchy in the world. But the country more than makes up for its size with its strong economy. Luxembourg ranks third in our list of the top 10 richest countries in the world. The country has posted a GDP per capita of $109, 199, an increase of 3.9 percent from last year. Its diverse natural resources are seen as the main driver of Luxembourg’s economic growth with the steel, industrial, and banking segments as its leading revenue generators. It has also been attracting banks from around the globe owing to its low taxes, proof of which is the fact that the country has over 150 banks. Conservative economic policies have also played a role in the country’s economic growth with an economy known for innovation and negligible inflation rates.

Macau –

Macau

Macau

This former Portuguese colony has established itself as the second wealthiest nation in the world, posting a 7.4 percent increase in its GDP per capita, which has reached $118.099. Its strong economy is driven primarily by tourism and gambling, earning the title “largest gambling center in the world.” Compared to other gambling economies, Macau has reaped the most benefit from the sector, continuously posting the highest gambling revenue in the world since the year 2006. Visitor arrivals have likewise increased, rising by 8 percent to 16.81 million during the first six months of 2018.  Although these income sources have been consistently delivering, moves to develop the administrative and manufacturing sectors are underway.

Qatar –

Qatar

Qatar

Ranking first in our Top 10 richest countries in the world list is oil-rich Qatar. Its robust economy, which has been outperforming the rest of the world, is powered by its well-established petroleum sector, which accounts for around 85 percent of its export and 70 percent of total national revenue. With a population of only around 2.639 million, Qatar enjoys the economic benefits of a small nation blessed with vast oil reserves. The country, in recent years, has enjoyed surplus revenues from the oil sector. Aside from this, the tourist trade has also been contributing to the national coffers, along with its steel and fertilizer exports. But Qatar’s economy is far from perfect, relying on ex-pat labor to keep its economic engine running. The government does not levy any taxes on Qataris, making them enjoy their earnings in full, along with the national health insurance that the government sponsors

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Top 10 Fastest Trains in The World 2020.

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Top 10 Fastest Trains in The World 2020.

In 2021, there are negligible trains are running due to pandemic.  What is the maximum speed for trains? In 2015, the Japanese maglev train L0 Series achieved an absolute railway speed record of 375 mph (602 km/h). In reality, there are about 10 super-fast trains with a speed greater than 200 mph. In this comparative review, we have collected such fastest trains in the world. You will find out what are the fastest trains in the world, what are their maximum speeds, in which countries they operate, who their manufacturer is and a lot of other interesting information.

In the post-war years when the baby boomers were kids, the word “train” used to evoke different images. These were images of colossal lumbering beasts such as the Flying Scotsman and Union Pacific Big Boy with six feet tall cast iron wheels and huge pistons heaving to and fro. From 1964 that all changed. The first “bullet train”, formally known as Shinkansen, ran in 1964 between Tokyo and Osaka. Ever since, the world has viewed railways differently.

Talgo 350, 217 mph, Spain –

Talgo 350, 217 mph, Spain

Talgo 350, 217 mph, Spain

Patentes Talgo, a Spanish company, developed Talgo 350 (T350). This very high-speed train entered the service with the name RENFE AVE Class 102. Besides, it started its journey on the Madrid-Barcelona and Madrid-Valladolid lines in Spain. The train is also known as Pato as its nose resembles the beak of a duck.

Spain commenced the trial runs of the entirely constructed prototype in 2002. Additionally, the designers designed the T350 train to be optimally aerodynamic to handle air pressure and air currents at high speeds. Its main feature is the high redundancy level in traction between rail and auxiliary systems. Moreover, it has a lightweight, airtight, and pressurized car body to comfortably pass through tunnels and crossings.

AGV Italo, 224 mph, Italy –

AGV Italo, 224 mph, Italy

AGV Italo, 224 mph, Italy

The first train in the AGV Series, Italo AGV, entered into service in April 2012. Officials considered it to be the most modern train in Europe. Besides, this train operates with the highest speed of 186 mph on Italy’s different high-speed lines. However, the AGV can run up to 224 mph. AGV trains consist of a fewer number of bogies per train that reduce the maintenance costs.

We can find more space inside of this high-speed train because it uses permanent-magnet synchronous motors. Additionally, the passengers of AVG Italo trains can travel between Rome and Naples in just an hour. Moreover, the trail follows the European TSI interoperability standard, which offers safety, reliability and environmental protection, availability, health, and technical compatibility.

Siemens Velaro, 250 mph, Spain –

Siemens Velaro, 250 mph, Spain

Siemens Velaro, 250 mph, Spain

The german-based company, siemens, developed thE world’s fastest high-speed conventional train. Additionally, the Krefeld-Uerdingen factory in Germany manufactured it. These trains’ five variants include Velaro E, Velaro RUS, Velaro e320, Velaro D, Velaro CRH3 and Velaro E are operational in China and Spain, respectively.

Moreover, the efficiency, sustainability, and passenger comfort and convenience is a major advantage. Velaro RUS, Velaro D, and Eurostar will become operational in Russia, Germany, and the UK and the future. We can find these trains are fully operable in snow and ice. Besides, the driver’s clear visibility in various snow conditions is one of the main features.

Frecciarosa 1000, 250 mph, Italy –

Frecciarosa 1000, 250 mph, Italy

Frecciarosa 1000, 250 mph, Italy

Italy designed it with a top speed of 250 mph and a high commercial speed of 220 mph. But it is currently certified for 190 mph, is also known as ETR 400. Bombardier built the ‘Red Arrow’ train in partnership with AnsaldoBreda. Additionally, this advanced model train provides long-distance passenger service on high-speed lines. It features mainly interoperability, safety, and comfort.

The newest high-speed train started its first journey from Milan to Rome on April 25, 2015. It is also a silent train that creates less noise. Moreover, the Frecciarossa 1000 is the world’s first high-speed train to have obtained the Environmental Product Declaration (EPD), as it can limit CO2. It also uses the ERTMS for controlling the train that eliminates human error.

Fuxing Hao CR 400AF/BF, 260 mph, China –

Fuxing Hao CR 400AF/BF, 260 mph, China

Fuxing Hao CR 400AF/BF, 260 mph, China

The CR400AF train mainly features a streamlined body for low drag and high speed. We can find both sides of its car body as silver-gray background with red lines. So these decorations make this train looking more elegant and powerful. The CR400BF train provides a protruding vitreous head with gentle sides. Additionally, we can find the gold ribbons outlining its pure white background body.

In 2007, China officially introduced the Fuxing Hao CR 400AF/BF high-speed train into service on the Beijing Shanghai high-speed railway line. Besides, the train needs only 4 hours to run from Beijing south to Shanghai Hongqiao. People said The CR 400 AF as ‘Dolphin Blue’ and CR 400 BF as ‘golden phoenix.’

HEMU-430X, 267 mph, South Korea –

HEMU-430X, 267 mph, South Korea

HEMU-430X, 267 mph, South Korea

HEMU-430X is standing for the High-Speed Electric Multiple Unit 430 km/h experimental. It is an experimental South Korean high-speed train designed for speeds up to 267 mph. But, it achieved 261.846 mph in a test run on March 31, 2013. Moreover, this high speed makes South Korea the world’s fourth country after France, Japan, and China to develop the fastest train running above 260.976 mph.

The newest feature of this train compared to older high-speed trains is mainly distributed traction. The trains’ commercial versions include the EMU-260 and EMU-320. South Korea will deliver these versions to Korail in 2020-2021. Additionally, they unveiled HEMU-430X on May 17, 2012. They also expect it to undergo around 100,000 km of testing up to 2015.

Shanghai Maglev, 268 mph, China –

Shanghai Maglev, 268 mph, China

Shanghai Maglev, 268 mph, China

It is a magnetic levitation train that helps people travel from Pudong International Airport right to the city’s heart. Besides, this train’s breakneck speed will impress us and have an exciting first experience in the city. In 2003, Guinness Records enrolled it to be the world’s fastest train in commercial use. Its energy consumption is only half that of buses and a quarter that of airplanes.

The trains don’t touch the railway line, which makes the sound quieter than other trains. This third oldest maglev line came after the British Birmingham Maglev line and German M-Bahn line. Additionally, this train doesn’t touch the railway line. Therefore, the sound makes it quieter than other trains. Like an airplane, it has very modern, clean, and comfortable inside.

Harmony CRH 380A, 302.0 mph, China –

Harmony CRH 380A, 302.0 mph, China

Harmony CRH 380A, 302.0 mph, China

China designed the CRH380A to operate at a cruise speed of 217 mph and a maximum speed of 236 mph in commercial service. Its regular service takes place on the route between Shanghai and Nanjing. Additionally, this design reduces aerodynamic pressure.  Its vibration-free bodies make a more comfortable passenger experience. It has low-weight aluminum alloy bodies with fish-head fronts.
The CRH 380A trains can carry around 494 passengers at a time. We can find a VIP sightseeing spot near the driver’s cabin that allows travelers to view the running train. Moreover, China also incorporates these trains with advanced noise control technology like new sound-absorbing and insulating materials in its construction.

TGV POS, 357.2 mph, France –

TGV POS, 357.2 mph, France

TGV POS, 357.2 mph, France

Alstom built this TGV train for the French national rail company (SNCF) on France’s high-speed rail lines. Besides, the TGV POS links France with southern Germany and Switzerland. In Switzerland, it runs from Basel to Zurich and Vallorbe to the Lausanne line that coming from Paris. Additionally, the POS 4402 train set a new world speed record on April 3, 2007.

Its asynchronous motors help the individual motor’s isolation in a powered bogie in case of failure. Additionally, SNCF numbered it in the 4400 series. These are just faster and more efficient TGVs. Like TGV Duplex, the outside bodywork on the power-cars. Besides, France started the train’s service in 2006. Moreover, France commissioned the first TGV train on Paris to Geneva itinerary in 1981.

L0 Series Maglev, 375 mph, Japan –

L0 Series Maglev, 375 mph, Japan

L0 Series Maglev, 375 mph, Japan

We can easily distinguish it by its too long nose that is 49 ft in length. This feature helps the L0 Series Maglev to reduce drag, increase speed, and decrease energy consumption. Additionally, L0 Series Maglev holds the land speed record at 375 mph that it achieved on April 21, 2015.

Besides, this train broke a speed record of 361 mph that another Japanese maglev, the MLX01, set in December 2003. This one of the fastest trains will begin its commercial operation in Tokyo and Osaka. This train will also require only 40 minutes to run from Tokyo to Nagoya, covering 178 miles. Moreover, we expected the first section to Nagoya to be ready by 2027.

 

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Top 10 Tallest Buildings in the World

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Top 10 Buildings in the World

In ancient times, humans live in the forest and caves. Nowadays, humans have a technique to build houses or Buildings. Today’s humans can build heavy structures with the help of science, technology and engineering. Humans of the 21st century are successful in building heavy skyscrapers in our world.

Humans built buildings for various purposes. These skyscrapers are built for multi-purposes like offices residentials, hotels, etc. In our world, there are many tallest buildings built till now. In this article, we have listed 10 of the tallest buildings in the world.

Taipei 101 –

Taipei 101 world's 10th tallest building

Taipei 101

Taipei 101 is the supertall skyscraper formerly known as Taipei World Financial Center which is designed by C.Y Lee and C.P Wang. This skyscraper building is located in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. The construction of this super tall building started on 31st July in 1999 and the construction was completed on 31st December 2004.

It was the tallest building in the world until the complete construction of Burj Khalifa in 2010. The total height of Taipei 101 is 509.2 m (1,671 ft). There are 101 floors in this skyscraper. The total floor area is 412,500 m2. The architectural style of this supertall building is Postmodernism.

The total cost of construction of this building was NT$ 58 billion (US$ 1.895 billion). The owner of Taipei 101 is Taipei Financial Center Corporation. Taipei 101 became the tallest and largest green building in the world in 2011 under the LEED certification system.

China Zun –

China Zun 9th tallest building of the world

China Zun

CITIC Tower is the supertall skyscraper commonly known as China Zun which is located in the Z15 plot, Guanghua Road, Beijing CBD, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China. The construction of this building was started on 19th September 2011 and completed in 2018.

This is the tallest building in Beijing city which surpassed the China World Trade Center Tower III on 18th August 2015. China Zun was constructed in Modern Architectural style and the total height of this supertall building is 527.7 m (1,731 ft). This building has more than 8 floors below the ground and has a total of 109 floors. The total floor area of this building is 427,000 m2.

CITIC Tower is an architect by TFP Farrells, KPF and BIAD and developed by CITIC Real Estate. The structural engineer of this building is by Arup. This mixed-use building has 60 floors for office, 20 floors for luxury apartments and has been used 20 floors for a hotel with 300 rooms.

 

Tianjin CTF Finance Center –

Tianjin CTF Finance Centre worlds 8th tallest building

Tianjin CTF Finance Center

Tianjin CTF Finance Center is also the supertall skyscraper which is located in Binhai New Area, Tianjin, China. It is currently the 8th tallest building in the world and the second tallest building in Tianjin after Goldin Finance 117 which is not completed yet.

The construction of this building was started in 2011 and completed in 2019. This supertall building is used in various ways like as a Hotel serviced, apartments and offices. Tianjin CTF Finance Center is architected by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLP in collaboration with Ronald Lu & Partners.

The developer of this skyscraper is New World Development and the main contractor is China Construction 8th Engineering Division. The total height of this building is 530 m (1,740 ft) with a floor area of 252,11 m2 and the total floor in this building is 97. There are a total of 81 lifts used in this skyscraper for the movement from top to bottom of the building.

Guangzhou CTF Finance Center –

Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre 7th tallest building in the world

Guangzhou CTF Finance Center

Guangzhou CTF Finance Center is a supertall skyscraper also known as East Tower which is located in Zhujiang East Road, Zhujiang New Town, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. The construction of this building started on 29th September 2009 and the building was opened in October 2016.

This is the tallest building in Guangzhou, the third tallest in China and the seventh tallest building in the world. This supertall beautiful building is an architect by Kohn Pedersen Fox and developed by New World Development. The main contractor of this building is China State Construction Engineering. The total height of this building is 530 m (1,739 ft).

There are a total of 111 floors among which 5 are underground in an area of  507,681.0 m2. The owner of this supertall building is Chow Tai Fook Enterprises. There are 95 elevators used in this building for the movement. The rooms of this building are used for various purposes. 355 rooms of this building are used as apartments and 251 rooms are used as Hotel rooms.

One World Trade Center –

One World Trade Centre world's 6th tallest building

One World Trade Centre

One World Trade Center is a rebuilt building of the World Trade Center Complex which was destroyed in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 (also known as the 9/11 attacks). This building is also known as Freedom Tower.

This supertall building is located at 285 Fulton Street Manhattan, New York, US. One World Trade Center is the tallest building in America and the 6th tallest building in the world. The construction of this building started on April 27, 2006, and completed on May 10, 2013. The Architectural style of this building is Contemporary modern and Architect by David Childs and the developer of this building os Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.

The total height of this supertall building is 546.2 m (1,792 ft). There are a total of 94 floors in this building among them 5 are below underground. The total floor area of this building is 325,279 m2. The main contractor of this building is Tishman Construction.

Lotte World Tower –

Lotte World Tower 5th tallest building in the world

Lotte World Tower

Lotte World Tower is a supertall skyscraper also known as Two Lotte World Tower which is located in Seoul, South Korea. The construction of this supertall building was started on February 1, 2011, after 13 years of planning and site preparation and was completed on 22nd December 2016.

It was publicly opened on 11th April 2017. This is the tallest building in South Korea and the fifth world’s tallest building. The architect of this supertall building is Kohn Pedersen Fox and developed by Lotte Engineering and Construction. The total height of this building is 556 m (1,824 ft). There are a total of 129 floors in this building among them 123 are above ground and 6 are below the ground.

The total floor area of this building is 304,081 m2. This building is used for various purposes. Among many floors, some of the top floors are used as Observation decks and other floors are used as a private office, hotel, Residence, prime office, podium, lobby etc.

Ping An Finance Center –

Ping an Finance Centre 4th tallest building in the world

Ping An Finance Center

Ping An Finance Center is a supertall Chinese skyscraper which is located at No.5033 Yitian Road, Futian District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China. The construction of this building was started in 2010 and completed in 2017 in the estimated cost of $1.5 billion.

It is the tallest building in Shenzhen and the second tallest building in China and 4th tallest building in the world. It also has the highest observation deck in a building. The total height of this building is 599.1 m and the architect of this building is done by Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. The developer of the building is Ping An Life Insurance Company of China.

The main contractor of this building is done by China Construction First Building Group. There are a total of 120 floors in this building and among them, 115 are above the ground and 5 floors underground. The total floor area of this building is 385,918 m2. The owner of this building is Ping An Life Insurance Company of China.

Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower –

Abraj AL Bait Clock Tower worlds 3rd tallest buillding

Abraj AL-Bait Clock Tower

Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower is also a supertall government-owned skyscraper which is located in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The construction of this building was started in 2004 and completed in 2012. These towers are part of the King Abdulaziz Endowment Project.

This building has the largest clock face in the world and is the third tallest building in the world. This building is a few meters away from the largest mosque in the world. This building is an architect by SL Rasch GmbH and Dar Al- Hadassah. The total height of this building is 601 m (1,972 ft). This building has a total of 120 floors and the floor area is 310,638 m2.

This building also contains the Clock Tower Museum. The building is made from Postmodern and New Classical architectural styles. The main contractor of this building is the Saudi Binladin Group. There are 96 elevators used in this clock tower for the movement. This is constructed for mixed-used purposes.

Shanghai Tower –

Shanghai Tower worlds 2nd tallest building

Shanghai Tower

Shanghai Tower is a supertall Chinese skyscraper which is located in 501 Yincheng Middle Rd, Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai, China. This is the tallest building in China and 2nd tallest building in the world. Construction of this building was started on 21st November 2008 and it was completed on 2nd February 2015.

This building also shares the record of the highest observation deck in the world along with Ping An Finance Center. The height of this supertall building is 632 m (2,073 ft). The Architect of this building is done by Jun Xia. and the engineering consultant is given by Thornton Tomasetti and Cosentini Associates. The main contractor of this building is the Shanghai Construction Group.

The construction cost of this building is CN¥15.7 billion. There are a total of 133 floors in this building among them 130 are above ground and 3 are underground. The floor area of this building is 380,000 m2. The owner of this building is Shanghai Tower Construction and Development.

Burj Khalifa –

Burj Khalifa tallest building in the world

Burj Khalifa tallest building in the world

Burj Khalifa is the supermassive and tallest skyscraper which is located at 1 Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Boulevard, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Burj Khalifa is the tallest building in the world and it also broke numerous height records. The construction of this building was started on 6th January 2004 and the construction of this building was finished on 1st October 2009.

The building opened for the first time on 4th January 2010. Burj Khalifa is designed in Neo-futurism architectural style. The total height of this building is 827.8 m (2,722 ft). This building is architected by Adrian Smith and Skidmore, Owings and Merrill. The Structural engineer of this building is Bill Baker.

There are 163 floors in this building. The floor area of this building is about 309,473 m2. The main contractor of this building is Samsung C&T. The owner of Burj Khalifa is Emaar Properties. There are 57 lifts used in this building for the movement from top to bottom.

 

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Top 10 protein rich food we should include in our diet

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Top 10 protein rich food we should include in our diet
Top 10 protein rich food we should include in our diet

Protein is a macronutrient that is essential to building muscle mass. It is commonly found in animal products, though is also present in other sources, such as nuts and legumes. There are three macronutrients: protein, fats and carbohydrates. Macronutrients provide calories, or energy. The body requires large amounts of macronutrients to sustain life, hence the term “macro,” according to the University of Illinois McKinley Health Center. Each gram of protein contains 4 calories. Protein makes up about 15 percent of a person’s body weight. Let us find out the best 10 foods which is rich in Protein.

Eggs

boiled eggs

Eggs


Hard-boiled eggs are loaded with nutrients, protein and healthy fats. One large hard-boiled egg (50 grams) provides -:

  • Calories: 77
  • Carbs: 0.6 grams
  • Total fat: 5.3 grams
  • Saturated fat: 1.6 grams
  • Monounsaturated fat: 2.0 grams
  • Cholesterol: 212 mg
  • Protein: 6.3 grams

Hard-boiled eggs are low in calories and rich in many important vitamins, minerals and nutrients. While the yolk provides nutrients, fat and protein, the white is almost exclusively protein. Eggs are an excellent source of protein. They contain all nine essential amino acids, and both the white and yolk contain this important nutrient. Though hard-boiled eggs are high in cholesterol, studies show that dietary cholesterol does not negatively impact blood cholesterol in most people. In fact, eggs have been found to improve cholesterol profiles by increasing “good” HDL cholesterol.

Soya Chunks

Raw Soya Chunks

Soya Chunks


Soya chunks are made using soy flour that has been ‘defatted’ or the oil is removed. They are the byproducts left after extracting soybean oil and have a rough texture when left dry. The texture quickly changes to soft and spongy as soon as submerged in warm water or added to gravy. They are known as ‘vegetarian’s meat’ as their nutritional profile is comparable to several non-vegetarian foods.  Soy is full of polyunsaturated fats, proteins and omega 3 fatty acids. 100 grams of uncooked soya chunks have 345 calories with 52 grams of protein, 0.5 grams total fat, 33 grams carbohydrates and 13 grams dietary fibre. They are also rich in calcium and iron while providing no extra sugar or sodium to the body.

Chicken breast

Uncooked chicken breast

Chicken breast


The following nutrition information is provided by the USDA for one 3-ounce (85g) serving of boneless, skinless grilled chicken breast.1 Note that many commercially packaged chicken breasts are much larger than 3 ounces. So if you eat a single breast, you’re probably eating more than a single serving.

  • Calories: 128
  • Fat: 2.7g
  • Sodium: 44mg
  • Carbohydrates: 0g
  • Fiber: 0g
  • Sugars: 0g
  • Protein: 26gThe following nutrition information is provided by the USDA for one 3-ounce (85g) serving of boneless, skinless grilled chicken breast. Note that many commercially packaged chicken breasts are much larger than 3 ounces. So if you eat a single breast, you’re probably eating more than a single serving.The low-fat protein found in chicken breast can offer many important advantages, making this food a helpful addition to many eating plans.

Paneer

Low fat paneer or cheese

Paneer


Nutritional Information per 100 g

Energy 343 kcal From Fat 242 kcal

Daily Value

  • Total Fat : 26.9 g 
  • Saturated : Fat 18.1 g 
  • Trans fatty acid < 0.1 g  
  • Cholesterol : 56.2 mg 
  • Sodium : 22.1 mg 
  • Total Carbohydrates : 6.1 g 
  • Protein : 19.1 g 

Paneer is a good choice for proteins, especially in a vegetarian diet. With a biological value of protein being 80-86%, it contains all the nine essential amino acids. As we all know, proteins are the building blocks of our cells; they are also essential for maintaining growth, repairing tissue, keeping our immunity in top shape, maintaining our blood volume and are an essential part of almost every hormone, and enzyme.

Skimmed or low fat Milk

Skimmed milk

Low Fat skimmed milk


The nutritional composition of milk is highly complex, and it contains almost every single nutrient that your body needs.

One cup (240 ml) of whole cow’s milk with 3.25% fat provides

  • Calories: 149
  • Water: 88%
  • Protein: 7.7 grams
  • Carbs: 11.7 grams
  • Sugar: 12.3 grams
  • Fiber: 0 grams

Fat: 8 gramsThe nutritional composition of milk is highly complex, and it contains almost every single nutrient that your body needs.

Milk is a highly nutritious liquid formed in the mammary glands of mammals to sustain their newborns during their first months of life.This article focuses on cow’s milk.A huge variety of food products are made from cow’s milk, such as cheese, cream, butter, and yogurt.These foods are referred to as dairy or milk products and are a major part of the modern diet.

Fish

Cooked fish

Fish


If you’re trying to lose weight or improve your diet, you should probably eat more fish. The American Heart Association recommends that you eat at least two servings of fish each week.1 But fish calories vary substantially and some that are higher in calories provide healthy fat. So the type of fish you choose makes a big difference. There are some types of fish to avoid and other types of fish that are better for you.

Fish Nutrition Facts

The following nutrition information is provided by the USDA for one half wild Atlantic salmon fillet (154g).

  • Calories: 280
  • Fat: 12.5g
  • Sodium: 86mg
  • Carbohydrates: 0g
  • Fiber: 0g
  • Sugars: 0g
  • Protein: 39.2g

Comparing fish calories can be tricky because the way you prepare your fish can change the nutrition facts significantly.

Almonds

Raw almonds

Almonds


The following nutrition information is provided by the USDA for 1 ounce (28g) or about 24 whole unsalted almonds.

 

  • Calories: 164
  • Fat: 14.2g
  • Sodium: 0mg
  • Carbohydrates: 6.1g
  • Fiber: 3.5g
  • Sugars: 1.2g
  • Protein: 6g

Almonds are a nutritious, portable, low-carbohydrate food that can be used in cooking or eaten as is. Almonds can be purchased, salted, unsalted, raw, or roasted. They can be turned into almond butter, made into almond milk, or ground as almond meal. Raw and roasted almonds are sodium-free, which is important for those people who have a history of hypertension or are looking to lower their sodium intake for other reasons.

Oats

Cooked oats

Oats


Nutrition facts

The nutrition facts for 3.5 ounces (100 grams) of raw oats are :

  • Calories: 389
  • Water: 8%
  • Protein: 16.9 grams
  • Carbs: 66.3 grams
  • Sugar: 0 grams
  • Fiber: 10.6 grams
  • Fat: 6.9 grams

They are a very good source of fiber, especially beta glucan, and are high in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.Whole oats are the only food source of avenanthramides, a unique group of antioxidants believed to protect against heart disease.

Tuna

Uncooked tuna

Tuna


This nutrition information is provided by the USDA for 1 can (165g) of light tuna, packed in water (without salt) and drained.

  • Calories: 191
  • Fat: 1.4g
  • Sodium: 83mg
  • Carbohydrates: 0g
  • Fiber: 0g
  • Sugar: 0g
  • Protein: 42g

Tuna is a large, muscular fish with flesh that ranges from pink to dark red depending on the variety. The color comes from myoglobin, an oxygen-storing protein found in muscle .Myoglobin breaks down quickly when heated. Thus, cooked and canned tuna looks grayer than raw tuna.

Yoghurt

Sweet yoghurt

Yoghurt


The following nutrition information is provided by the USDA for 1 cup (8 ounces or 235g) of plain whole milk yogurt.

  • Calories: 149
  • Fat: 8g
  • Sodium: 113mg
  • Carbohydrates: 11.4g
  • Fiber: 0g
  • Sugars: 11.4g
  • Protein: 8.5g

Plain yogurt is simply yogurt that contains no added fruit, flavoring, or added sugars. Many people use plain yogurt in recipes or as a replacement for sour cream in dips and sauces. Plain yogurt is an excellent source of calcium and is high in phosphorus and riboflavin.

Thanks for reading this article. Have a nice day.

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Top 10 Expensive Buys in The IPL

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Vivo IPL Auction 2018
Top 10 most expensive buys in IPL

The Indian premier league or IPL is one of the most important tournaments in the cricket calendar. It is organized annually in the month of April to May end. In this two month window no major international cricket tournaments are conducted. This show the importance of the IPL in the cricketing world. Majority of big international cricket stars take part in the IPL to prove themselves as the best in the world. Before the every start of the IPL. The BCCI conducts an auction which comprises of eight teams or franchises trying their best to sign a specific player. Some times they are utterly impressed with some players that they Don’t care about money they overpay or high-priced some players. Here are some most expensive players in the IPL auction so far.

Chris Morris

Chris Morris

Chris Morris

Chris Morris is the most expensive buy in the IPL so far. In the year 2021 he was bought by Rajasthan royals in a whopping price of 16.25 crores INR. Chris Morris is a South African all rounder who already played for IPL franchises like Delhi Capitals, Chennai super kings and Royal Challengers Bangalore. Morris made his Twenty20I debut for South Africa on 21 December 2012 against New Zealand. He had figures of 3.4–0–19–2 in that game before suffering an injury. Morris made his One Day International debut for South Africa on 10 June 2013 against Pakistan as part of the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy.

Yuvraj Singh

Yuvraj Singh

 

Yuvraj Singh is the second most expensive in the IPL auction. He was bought by Delhi Daredevils (now Delhi capitals) for a huge amount of 16 crore INR in the year 2016. Fun fact about Yuvraj Singh is that when he was sold in the auction by Delhi Daredevils he was sleeping and then his family members tells him that he is most expensive Indian player in IPL. Yuvraj Singh is also a all rounder who played for India. he was a left hand batsman who can bowl left arm spin as well. He was one of the main players who helped India to secure the 2011 world cup.

Pat Cummins

Pat Cummins

Pat Cummins

Pat Cummins is the third most expensive buys in the IPL auction. He was bought by Kolkata knight riders for a whopping price of 15.5 crore INR in the year 2020. He is also the part of the Australia cricket team he play all three formats for Australia cricket team. He was also a part of Delhi Daredevils (now Delhi capitals). Cummins was granted a Cricket Australia contract in June 2011[16] and in October 2011, he played two Twenty20 International (T20I) matches for Australia against South Africa. On the basis of his performances in these games (he took 3/25 and 2/26), Cummins was selected in the Test squad to play South Africa.

Kyle Jamieson

Kyle Jamieson

Kyle Jamieson

Kyle Jamieson is New Zealand international cricketer who plays all three formats for New Zealand. He is the fourth most expensive player in the IPL auction. He was bought by Royal Challengers Bangalore in his debut season for 15 crore INR . He is fast bowler with a ability to hit the ball out of the park with his bat. Jamieson is six feet eight inches tall, the tallest person ever to play international cricket for New Zealand. He started out as a batting all-rounder, but in 2012, he was slowly converted to become a bowler under the tutelage of bowling coach, Dayle Hadlee, brother of Richard Hadlee. He made his Twenty20 debut for Canterbury on 4 December 2016 in the 2016–17 Super Smash. In June 2018, he was awarded a contract with Canterbury for the 2018–19 season.

Ben Stokes

Ben Stokes

Ben Stokes is an English all rounder who plays all three formats for England. He is the fifth most expensive player in the IPL auction. He was bought by Rising Pune Supergiants in the year 2017. Stokes made his senior England debut in a One Day International (ODI) against Ireland in August 2011. Stokes was caught and bowled by Paul Stirling for just three runs and did not bowl; however, he did take a catch. He played in two T20 matches against New Zealand, although injury again meant he could not bowl. He scored 9 not out in the first game, although England narrowly lost. He did not bat in the second rain-affected match. Stokes did not play for England in 2012 due to a combination of injuries, lack of form and disciplinary issues. He was sent home from an England Lions tour after he ignored a team curfew.

Glenn Maxwell

Glenn Maxwell

Glenn Maxwell is one of the most expensive buys of IPL. He was bought by Royal Challengers Bangalore for a whooping price of 14.25 crore INR in the 2021 IPL auction. The southpaw play international cricket for Australia in the limited over format. He scored his first ODI century in 2015 cricket world cup.

Jhye Richardson

Jhye Richardson

Jhye Richardson

Richardson is a right-arm fast bowler, and says that, due to his height (178cm) and frame (“70 odd kilos”), he was initially discouraged by coaches to become a pace bowler, a role generally associated with taller and weightier cricketers. He made his List A debut for western Australia on 21 October 2015 in the 2015-16 Matador. He was bought by Punjab Kings at a price of 14 crore INR.

Yuvraj Singh

Yuvraj Singh

Yuvraj Singh

Yuvraj ruled the IPL auctions on more than one occasions. RCB roped him for 14 Crore INR in 2014. Yuvraj did perform well in patches for the team but was unable to justify the hefty price tag.

Ben Stokes

Ben Stokes

Ben Stokes

The second player to feature more than once in the list, Benjamin Stokes went to Rajasthan Royals in 2017 for R 12.5 crore. The all-rounder has proved that he is effective in all the three aspects of the game and can change the game at any instance for his team.

Dinesh Karthik

Dinesh Karthik

Dinesh Karthik

Now last one but not the least it is Dinesh Karthik When Delhi were Daredevils, they made a daring bet and roped in Dinesh Karthik for  12.5 crore INR. DK has been a veteran in the IPL and has played for a lot of franchises. He still remains a hot commodity in the T-20 format.

 thanks for reading this article. Have a Great Day.

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Top 10 Ways To Get Away From Stress.

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istockphoto 932274694 612x6121 1
Exhausted student girl lying on the floor

In this era stress, depression, anxiety is ruling over the world.  Lots of factors are there to have stress includes studies, relations, relationships, work, office, in fact lock-down too, because we are not habitual to live continuously in our homes.  We had work, school, colleges, shopping, markets but after lockdown, all of these things got quiet by the government.

When stress becomes overwhelming and prolonged, the risks for mental health problems and medical problems increase. Long-term stress increases the risk of mental health problems such as anxiety and depression, substance use problems, sleep problems, pain, and bodily complaints such as muscle tension.

So how to work on stress? How to figure out problems?  So we have 10 ways to get away from stress.

Deep breathing exercises

istockphoto 1171968887 612x6121 1

yoga 

Breathing (or ventilation) is the process of moving air out and in the lungs to facilitate gas exchange with the internal environment, mostly to flush out carbon dioxide and bring in oxygen.  This distracts the problem which you are thinking from you, initially, it is tough, but along with time, we can develop ourselves to become a tension-free person.  It also works in the case of insomnia, proven by the US army.  US army gives treatment to their soldier to maintain sleeping hours not to have quality time after waking up.

Eat well

istockphoto 1128687123 612x6121 1

Healthy food

For the human body, it needs many calories in daily hours which gives energy to the body and keeps you alert that you don’t become passive, lazy ultimately you don’t have time for thinking unnecessary things.  Eating a balanced diet is mandatory for stress management.  You should skip fast food, more spicy things, unhealthy snacks is a daily routine diet.  Green leafy vegetables are compulsory for all kinds of vitamins and macro-molecules.

Avoid alcohol and smoking

download 11 1

Say NO to Alcohol

Due to alcohol, a person reduces the time of rapid eye movement which causes incomplete sleep and you got with full of anger, mood swings, and so on.  It is important to know how to manage ore sleep without alcohol and smoking.  Smoking leads to cancer to lungs called Pulmonary Cancer which leads to mental stress and fear of death.  Such chronic diseases held our lives to hell.

Sleep Well

images1 2

Sleep Well

The human body requires 7 to 9 hours of sleep according to lifestyle.  Sleep is an essential activity in our daily life.  It must be complete and must give you refreshments.  Complete sleep makes you alert in daily routine and more confident, as lazy people don’t have complete sleep.  You need to follow your sleeping hours as your body requires.

Don’t be alone

istockphoto 1130052240 612x6121 1

Sad young woman sitting on the window

Loneliness, alone time makes you more negative.  It enhances stress levels more than usual.  You need to keep your time with family, friends or have some conversation by phone if nobody is available, but loneliness kills.  It might lead to suicidal thoughts that will result in self-murder.  Connect with supportive, funny, and adorable people.

Counseling

images 12

Counseling

If stress goes beyond the limit, that you are getting away from that condition, then you need a good counselor.  The counselor might be your parents, siblings, or friends but the aim is to remove that negative thought or stress out of your own head and be a mentally healthy person with such a way and tricks.  If the limit exceeds the counselor must be a psychiatrist.

Keep a large aim in mind

images 22 1

Aim, Dream

If you are running to get and to achieve your dream, aim you will not distract from it.  There is a saying in English Language ‘Low aim is a crime. High aim wants efforts and you invest your time there which means the negativity, overthinking has no time in your mind leads to get away from depression, anxiety, and other mental health.  If you have large and high aim then your efforts will make you physically tired and you will cope up with insomnia as well.

Music 

woman 977020 480 11

Music

Listening to music makes hormonal changes inside your body.  Serotonin, oxytocin levels lead to be more active, loving, passionate and keeps you moving along with the beat.  Sometimes, unknowingly you dance and you feel better than previous.  These are some ways that will put you not under pressure until you want to come out of it. Music has lots of genres includes Classical, pop, hip hop, opera, gazals, Sufi, sugar music also.  That gives you the choice to listen to your own favorite song to gain more and more freshness.

Take Morning Sun Bath 

istockphoto 856897896 612x6121 1

Sun Bath

Basically, this is the pure western method.  People from Europe, Australia have a beach culture in which they take a sunbathe on the beach, have sunscreen on their bodies to save themselves from UV rays.  But the morning sun with 7 to 9 am, has alpha rays which give vitamin D to our body naturally.  With the vitamin D serotonin level increases and cortisol level comes down.  It positively affects the human body to be fully charged to have positive effects.

Meditation 

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Meditation

Meditation is the key where you can get answers to the questions that you had in your real life.  Venerable Pandurangashastri  Athavale says, ” Murtipooja (Meditation) is a perfect science!”  Why is it so?  Because due to meditation, concentration level increases, more memory control, and no negative impact on the mind.  That helps really get back to the positive mode.  Meditation would be 10 times better if it goes like a religious way, like moortipooja.

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