This article gives you a rundown of the ten most dangerous countries in the world. The Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) publishes annually the Global Peace Index for countries and regions to assess peacefulness. The method of ranking is based on the point system. Each country has points for a variety of factors, the higher-score countries are considered better, and the lower-score countries are considered more negative. In order to calculate the peace of a nation, IEP requires a total of 22 indicators. The main indicators are war / civil war, death no., murder per 100 000 people, easy access to weapons, relationships with the neighboring country, No. of hostages, military spend, terrorist attacks, political instability.
Here is a list of the Top 10 most violent countries with the lowest rating of the global peace index ranking.
North Korea (GPI Score 3071)
The nuclear superpower the world knows almost nothing about. All aspects of the rights of its citizens are regulated by the State. After independence from Japan, Korea is divided into two nations, and the North Korean Communist Government is headed by the Un family. The system of the North Korean government revolves around the highest official. The state economy is vulnerable to strong militarization and war with South Korea. There are no citizens, everything is state property. This leads to high corruption. According to the UN, North Korea has one of the worst records of abuses of human rights and there is no freedom of expression or access to basic human needs. The government secretly captures and tortures civilians who contradict the supreme leader’s point of view. North Korea is among the 10 most dangerous countries in the world, resulting in frequent political deaths, killings, shortage of food, sanitation, and basic necessities.
Pakistan (GPI Score 3107)
Pakistan is the world’s ninth most dangerous region. Pakistan has been fighting 3 wars with India since independence, which has damaged the economy. The situation has been aggravated by political instability and military rule. A nation founded solely on religion is a safe haven for extremists and they use Pakistan’s land as their safe haven. Often Pakistan and ISI actively support and train insurgents in manipulating the geopolitical power structure (particularly against India, Afghanistan, and Iran). The strategy has long succeeded, but in recent years it has been backtracked by Taliban, Lashkar-e-Tayiba, Harkat-ul-Mujahidin, and various other Pakistani groups who have trained and armed them. Pakistan is probably the world’s most affected by terrorism.
Pakistan is currently facing challenges such as violence, corruption, analphabetism and extremism, insurgency, and income disparities. Pakistan is currently affected by some 1500 terrorist attacks every year, including a recent attack on a school that resulted in 145 deaths (including 135 children).
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Democratic Republic of Congo (GPI Score 3213)
After the overthrow of an autocratic government, Congo has been in continuous civil war since 1997. More than 5.5 million people have died because of the war or the war. Large displacements led to overcrowded unhealthy conditions and widespread malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia, and malnutrition. Half of the victims are children under 5 years of age. Congo is among the lowest in the Human Development Index, with 186 of its 187 members. Twenty armed United Nations peacekeeping groups are seeking to bring peace to Congo.
Central African Republic (GPI Score 3331)
The Central African Republic became independent of France in 1960. The Central African Republic was under military rule after independence. First, there were multi-party elections in 1993 and then some ups and downs. Sudan and South Sudan live to the north and north-east of the Central African Republic and their effect on this country’s state in a troubled region is evident. The army, Islamists, and Christian extremists are battling for the country’s power. This current armed conflict has killed and displaced a large number of civilians. Many governmental cases of abuse, gang abuse, weak human rights, and violence against women put many human rights organizations on the radar of the Central African Republic.
Sudan is faced with the same problems as in South Sudan. The country was divided into several sectors that led to the development of South Sudan by long-lasting ethnic warfare, two civil wars, and two tribal conflicts.
Ethnic cleansing, high poverty, and slavery are still holding the nation down. The constitution and framework of the law are based on the Koran, rendering the nation vulnerable to extremism. Lack of government control, poor living conditions, and violation of human rights put Sudan sixth on our list.
Without a nation, Somalia is the perfect place for radical groups. Since 1991, Somalia has been in civil war, and this is one of the longest civil wars in the world. The ongoing civil war has led the country to severe poverty, and rapid foreign intervention has worsened the situation. Drone attacks by the US and NATO also boosted the popularity of militant groups. Al Qaeda Al Shabaab affiliate and several other clan groups are blamed for this war. Hundreds of thousands of civilian deaths and abuses of many fundamental human rights and foreign laws are due to the continuing conflict.
The UN peacekeeping force is currently seeking to improve the situation in Somalia. Somalia is one of the Top 5 most dangerous countries due to the broken economy, drought, piracy, and water crisis.
The key reason behind Iraq is the invasion of Iraq by the US, which officially lasted until 2011, after 2003. Before that, Saddam Hussein controlled Iraq. In a 21-day war, the United States intervention overthrew Saddam’s government and disbanded the Iraqi army. The US military interfered in Iraq claiming that Saddam had stopped building stocks of chemical weapons and nuclear weapons which later turned out to be false. Then the United States attempted to rectify the problem by introducing a pro-US government that worsened the issue, as the new government discriminated against the sunny minority.
The key problem in Iraq at present is the rapid growth of the ISIS pro-Sunni faction. This group will take control of several major towns, such as Mosul, Tikrit, Fallujah, and several oil fields with the aid of local Sunni population support. Currently, ISIS controls about one-third of Iraq, while another 1/3 is occupied by Kurdish forces. War crimes mass murders by U.S./NATO forces together with rebel groups make Iraq the world’s fourth most dangerous region.
In 2011, Sudan separated the Republic of Sudan and South Sudan into two nations. This North-East African nation has been battling for influence since independence. This global war has killed hundreds, if not millions, of thousands. In addition to continuing ethnic conflict, the state has one of the poorest states of health in the country. The condition has been exacerbated by widespread malaria and HIV.
Afghanistan is the world’s second most dangerous region. More than a decade of international occupation is the key reason behind it. After 9/11 NATO allies led by the US agreed to overthrow the Taliban Government in Afghanistan, pretending to be the safe home for terrorists. Afghanistan has occupied US soldiers since 2001, contributing to the destruction of much of its infrastructure over more than a decade of fighting. The United States is its allies seeking to bring stability back to the country through military assistance and the building of the Afghan army. According to the United Nations report, more than 12,000 civilians and Afghan security force members died in armed conflict alone this year.
This ongoing war broke down the economy, leading to high unemployment and disadvantaged youth to extremism.
The main cause behind Syria as the most dangerous country in the world is the civil war between numerous opposition groups and Bashar al-Assad’s regime, the authoritarian dictator. Syria is a sunny country of plurality and governed by a Shiite king whose governor. The majority of people have little to no support. This led to a national outcry and armed conflict. Through using the oppressive force and chemical weapons on its own people, the Syrian government sought to suppress this. This political instability led to a number of armed resistance groups, including the Free Syrian Army and many others. Other groups like Al Qaeda and ISIS have taken advantage of this situation, and they have succeeded in forming a parallel government in several areas with the help of local people. It is estimated that about 200,000 deaths from this continuing war and 1-1,5 million more wounded.
It is profoundly surprising to know also about the precarious circumstances and risks in which the people of the ‘most precarious countries’ reside. Often the dangerous circumstances are created by the so-called “Protector of Peace” alone. If you are from any of the above 10 most dangerous countries let us know your experience, it’s hard, and most people in developed countries won’t get it. We hope and pray for a change soon, that no innocent lives will be lost and people will live peaceful and healthy lives.
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